HORT410 - Vegetable Crops
Brussels Sprouts - Notes
Common name: Brussels sprouts.
Latin name:Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera.
Family: Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) [Brassicaceae Images].
Cool season, cold hardy.
Harvested organ: vegetative, axillary buds (or sprouts).
Directed seeded or transplanted.
Temperature optimum: 10 to 20 C.
Machine or hand-harvested.
Grown for both fresh and frozen markets.
Major diseases of cole crops in the Midwest:
Alternaria leaf spot
Major insect pests of cole crops in the Midwest:
(see: ID-56: Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2003 - Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, and Brussels Sprouts (PURDUE) [pdf] for information on brussels sprouts varieties, spacing, fertilizing, harvesting, and specific disease, weed and insect control recommendations for Brussels sprouts)
U.S. commercial production limited to California and New York.
In 1997, Brussels sprouts were harvested from 4,200 acres in CA, with a total production of 630,000 cwt, and a total value of $26,800,000.
Yield per acre of Brussels sprouts in CA in 1997: 150 cwt/acre.
Sources of information:
Eastman, C., Mahr, S., Wyman, J., Hoy, C., Oloumi-Sadeghi, H. Cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. In "Vegetable Insect Management With Emphasis on the Midwest", (ed. R. Foster, B. Flood), Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio, pp. 99 - 112 (1995).
Nonnecke, I.L. "Vegetable Production", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY (1989).
Phillips, R., Rix, M. "The Random House Book of Vegetables", Random House, NY (1993).
Maynard, D.N. Brussels sprouts. In "The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia", Version 1.5, Grolier, Inc. (1992).
Ockendon, D.J., Smith, B.M. Brussels sprouts, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC. In "Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops", (ed. G. Kalloo, B.O. Bergh), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 87-112 (1993).
Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, ID-56, eds. R. Foster, D. Egel, E. Maynard, R. Weinzierl, H. Taber, L.W. Jett, B. Hutchinson, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, 2003.
Kadam, S.S., Shinde, K.G. Other crucifers. In "Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage, and Processing", (ed. D.K. Salunkhe, S.S. Kadam), Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, pp. 359 - 371 (1998).