HORT410 - Vegetable Crops
Celery - Notes
Common name: Celery.
Latin name: Apium graveolens L. var dulce.
"graveolens" means strong scented; "dulce" means sweet.
Family name: Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) [Apiaceae Images].
Related species used as vegetables: carrot, parsnip and celeriac.
Diploid (2n = 22).
Harvested organ: petiole, eaten raw or cooked.
Origin Mediterranean and Eurasia.
Used as a medicinal herb by the Egyptians and Romans.
Brought to America in the 1600's by European settlers.
Celery history (TAMU).
Older varieties required blanching.
Modern cultivars are grown unblanched.
Usually grown as an annual from transplanted, greenhouse-raised seedlings.
Days to harvest maturity: 90 to 140 days after planting.
Major insect pests of celery in the Midwest:
Sources of information:
Davis, K.M., Grafius, E., Royer, T. Celery. In "Vegetable Insect Management With Emphasis on the Midwest", (ed. R. Foster, B. Flood), Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio, pp. 127 - 138 (1995).
Nonnecke, I.L. "Vegetable Production", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY (1989).
Phillips, R., Rix, M. "The Random House Book of Vegetables", Random House, NY (1993).
Maynard, D.N. Celery. In "The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia", Version 1.5, Grolier, Inc. (1992).
Quiros, C.F. Celery, Apium graveolens L. In "Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops", (ed. G. Kalloo, B.O. Bergh), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 523-534 (1993).
Kadam, S.S., Salunkhe, D.K. Celery and other salad vegetables. In "Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage, and Processing", (ed. D.K. Salunkhe, S.S. Kadam), Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, pp. 523 - 532 (1998).