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HORT410 - Vegetable Crops

Carrots - Notes

Carrot image by Patrick J. Rich

  • Common name: Carrot.
  • Latin name: Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus.
  • Family name: Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) [Apiaceae Images].
  • Closely related to the wild carrot (Daucus carota L.) (Queen Anne's Lace), with white roots.
  • Relatives used as vegetables: celery, celeriac, and parsnip.
  • Dicotyledon.
  • Diploid (2n = 18, diploid).
  • Biennial.
  • Origin: Near East (Afghanistan) and central Asia.
  • Brought to N. America by early European settlers in the 1600's.
  • Carrot history (TAMU).
  • Harvested organ: roots.
  • Orange, red, yellow, white and crimson rooted carrot cultivars developed.
  • Rich in provitamin A carotenes.
  • Cool-to-moderate season.
  • Temperature optimum: 15 - 21 C.
  • Propagation: seeds sown in rows on raised beds [precision seeding recommended].
  • Days to harvest maturity: 75 to 90 days.
  • Typically machine harvested.
  • Major insect pests of carrots in the Midwest:

    (see: ID-56: Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2003 - Root Crops (PURDUE) [pdf] for carrot crop recommendations (varieties, spacing, fertilizing, disease, weed and insect control) for the Midwest)

    Sources of information:

  • Mahr, S., Eastman, C., Royer, T. Root crops. In "Vegetable Insect Management With Emphasis on the Midwest", (ed. R. Foster, B. Flood), Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio, pp. 179 - 192 (1995).
  • Nonnecke, I.L. "Vegetable Production", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY (1989).
  • Phillips, R., Rix, M. "The Random House Book of Vegetables", Random House, NY (1993).
  • Simon, P.W. Carrot, Daucus carota L. In "Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops", (ed. G. Kalloo, B.O. Bergh), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 479-484 (1993).
  • Maynard, D.N. Carrot. In "The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia", Version 1.5, Grolier, Inc. (1992).
  • Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, ID-56, eds. R. Foster, D. Egel, E. Maynard, R. Weinzierl, H. Taber, L.W. Jett, B. Hutchinson, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, 2003.
  • Kotecha, P.M., Desai, B.B., Madhavi, D.L. Carrot. In "Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage, and Processing", (ed. D.K. Salunkhe, S.S. Kadam), Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, pp. 119 - 139 (1998).

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  • David Rhodes
    Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture
    Horticulture Building
    625 Agriculture Mall Drive
    Purdue University
    West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010
    Last Update: 01/07/08