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Herb, Aromatic, Medicinal, Bioactive

Virginia CropMAP

List of herb, aromatic, medicinal, and bioactive crops that are either currently grown traditionally, recommended, experimental, or not recommended in Virginia.

Listing was compiled and written by:
Andy Hankins, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Box 9081, Virginia State University, Petersburg, VA 23806. Phone: 804-524-5962; Fax: 804-524-5714; Email: ahankins@vsu.edu
Rikki Sterrett, Eastern Shore Agricultural Research and Extension Center, 33446 research Drive, Painter, VA 23420-2827. Phone: 757-414-0724; Fax: 757-414-0730; Email: vators@vt.edu

Traditional
Recommended
Experimental
Not Recommended

Traditional
Pepper, Hot Well adapted. Limited market. Sometimes grown with sweet peppers as a complementary crop.
Recommended
Basil Well adapted. Limited market. Shipping and handling in mixed lots is a problem.
Chives Well adapted. Limited market.
Cilantro Leaf stage of coriander. Well adapted. Market increasing.
Dill Well adapted. Limited market
Garlic Well adapted. Limited market.
Ginseng American Well adapted to mountains and northern piedmont. Excellent market demand.
Goldenseal Well adapted to mountains. Weak market
Leeks Well adapted.
Milk Thistle Silybum marianum Well adapted. Good demand, for organically produced, by botanical herb buyers.
Shallot Well adapted. Good gourmet vegetable for restaurants. Climate too humid.
Thyme Well adapted. Very limited market.
Watercress Well adapted along streams. Good crop to sell.
Witch Hazel Well adapted to mountains. Good tree to grow.
Yarrow Climate is, generally, too humid. Good sales potential as a cut flower.
Experimental
Pacific Yew: Taxus spp. Not yet attempted in Virginia
Not Recommended
Angelica Well adapted. No market demand.
Anise Well adapted. Limited market.
Arrugula Well adapted. Limited sales as mesclun.
Artemisia/Sweet Annie Well adapted. Limited market
Belladonna/Deadly nightshade Solanum dulcamara or Atropa belladonna? poisonWell adapted, poisonous, very limited market.
Bloodroot poisonAdapted to the mountains of Virginia.
Borage Well adapted. Limited market.
Burdock Well adapted. Limited market.
Calamus/Sweetflag Well adapted. Cheap price. Limited demand.
Calendula Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Caraway Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Catnip Well adapted. Limited market.
Chamomile Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Chervil Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Chicory Well adapted. Limited market.
Clary Sage Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Cohosh, Black Adapted to the mountains of Virginia.
Cohosh, Blue Adapted to the mountains of Virginia.
Coriander Seed stage of cilantro. Well adapted. Limited market.
Cumin Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Dandelion Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Echinacea Well adapted. Weak market - low prices.
Elecampane Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Eleuthero/Eleutherococcus Well adapted. No buyers. Cheap herb.
Evening Primrose Oenothera Well adapted. Cheap price right now.
Eyebright/Lobelia Well adapted to southwest Virginia. Cheap price.
Fennel Well adapted. Very little market demand.
Feverfew Well adapted. No market.
Foxglove poisonWell adapted. Very limited market.
Ginkgo Well adapted. Cheap current price.
Hawthorn Well adapted for healthy juice from fruit.
Horehound Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Horseradish Well adapted. Very limited sales. No longer economically feasible.
Hyssop Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Lavender Well adapted. Requires high soil pH and exceptional drainage.
Lemon Balm Well adapted. Very limited sales.
Lovage Well adapted. Very limited sales. Climate too hot.
Marjoram Well adapted. Very limited market.
Mayapple/Podophyllum Well adapted. Cheap price.
Oregano Well adapted. Very limited market. Production quickly exceeds existing fresh markets.
Parsley Well adapted. Limited market. Production feasible but market price too low to be economically feasible.
Passionfruit Well adapted. Very limited demand.
Pennyroyal Well adapted. Very limited market.
Peppermint Well adapted. No market, no processing.
Rosemary Well adapted. Limited restaurant demand. Cultivars of culinary quality not cold-hardy without protection.
Saffron The crocus will grow in Virginia. Labor for harvest is too expensive.
Sage Well adapted. Very limited market. Production quickly exceeds existing fresh markets.
St. John's Wort Well adapted. Cheap prices flooded market.
Savory Well adapted. Very limited market.
Spearmint Well adapted. No market. No processing.
Stevia Tropical plant. Will not over-winter outside in Virginia.
Stinging Nettles
Urtica dioica
Well adapted. Very limited market.
Tarragon Well adapted annual. Very limited sales. Climate too hot.
Valerian Well adapted. Cheap prices, limited demand.
Wintergreen Well adapted. No sales potential.
Wormwood Well adapted. Very limited market.
Yellowdock Rumex? Some wild populations exist in the state.