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Columbia River Gorge

Oregon CropMAP

Columbia River Gorge Small Fruit Crops

Prepared by Dr. Chad Finn, Research Geneticist, Northwest Center for Small Fruit Research, © 1999. This is a list of small fruit crops that are either currently grown, are recommended alternate crops, are experimental crops, or are not recommended for the Columbia River Gorge. The Columbia River Gorge includes parts of Hood River, Sherman, Gilliam, Morrow, and Umatilla counties as indicated on the map at right. The Columbia River Gorge is the transitional area between the Willamette Valley and Eastern Oregon. Colder in winter than the Willamette Valley and some areas are affected by strong winds blowing down the Gorge in the summer time. Going from Columbia Locks to Umatilla/Hermiston and very near the Columbia River. The Columbia River Gorge is a very minor production area for berry crops. As the gorge climbs from the mild climate of the Willamette Valley to the harsher climate of Eastern Oregon it becomes more difficult to produce berry crops. Pick-your-own and local sales can work well because of the large tourist industry in this region

Northwest Berry and Grape Information Net

Northwest Center for Small Fruit Research

Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission

Oregon Blueberry Commission

Oregon Strawberry Commission

Existing Crops
Recommended New, Alternate or Underutilized Crops
Experimental New Or Alternate Crops
Not Recommended

Existing Crops

Crop
Information
Links

Blackberries-erect, semi-erect

Adapted. Erect and semi-erect cultivars grown for wholesale and local fresh market.

Oregon

NewCROP

Blueberries

Adapted. Highbush blueberries grown for fresh markets.

Oregon

NewCROP

Raspberries-red

Adapted. Susceptible to root rots on wet sites so plant on ridges. While most acreage is for processing, with proper cultivar selection can produce excellent fresh market product. Large established processing industry.

Oregon

NewCROP

Strawberries

Adapted. While most acreage is for processing, with proper cultivar selection can produce excellent fresh market product. Large established processing industry

Oregon

NewCROP

Raspberries-Black

Adapted. Local fresh market.

Oregon

NewCROP

Recommended New, Alternate or Underutilized Crops

Aronia (A. melanocarpa)

Adapted. Only processed for juice. Demand uncertain.

Oregon

NewCROP

Juneberry/Saskatoon (Amelanchier sp.)

Adapted. Poor market potential due to its similarity in appearance to blueberry and the common feeling that the fruit quality is inferior to blueberry.

Oregon

NewCROP

Lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis idaea)

Adapted. Many small trial plantings newly established in grower fields. Market undeveloped and unknown.

Oregon

NewCROP

Trailing western blackberry (Rubus ursinus)

Harvested from wild stands for specialty markets.

Oregon

NewCROP

Vaccinium "Huckleberries" (V. membranaceum, V. ovalifolium, V. deliciosum; V. ovatum)

Harvested from wild stands for specialty markets. Erratic supply depending on weather conditions. These fruit are most similar to blueberry and have no resemblance to the garden huckleberries that are related to tomatoes.

Oregon

NewCROP

Currants and gooseberries (Ribes sp.)

Adapted. Excellent potential. Market is not well developed. Gooseberries and red currants can be sold fresh or processed. While some black currants are sold fresh, they are usually made into juice.

Oregon

NewCROP

Baby/Hardy Kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta)

Adapted but limited testing. New, relatively small market. Wind damage to new growth could be a problem. Very expensive to establish. Unsure of market size in the future.

Oregon

NewCROP

Experimental New or Alternate

Buffalo berry (Hippophae argentea syn. Sheperdia argentea)

Should be adapted. No ongoing research or commercial production. Old crop that has never developed a market. Primarily processed.

Oregon

NewCROP

Edible Honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea)

Adaptation uncertain but being researched by Ore. St. Univ./USDA in Willamette Valley. Extremely early flowering and ripening. Fresh market. Does poorly with drought stress.

Oregon

NewCROP

Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)

Should be adapted. No ongoing research or commercial production. Primarily processed.

Oregon

NewCROP

Not Recommended

Blackberries-trailing, 'Boysen', 'Logan'

Not reliably winter hardy

Oregon

NewCROP

Fuzzy Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa)

Not reliably winter hardy

Oregon

NewCROP

Cranberry

Summers too warm. Difficult to find good site. Requires substantial amount of water.

Oregon

NewCROP

The Small Fruit Crop listing was compiled and written by Dr. Chad Finn, Research Geneticist—Northwest Center for Small Fruit Research © 1999. Questions related to these plants should be addressed to Dr. Finn at finnc@bcc.orst.edu