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Montana CropMAP

Total population (1990 census): 799,065
State Capital: Helena

Extension office

For CropSELECT see county pages.

Crop Statistics (1997 US Census of Agriculture)

Cereals Farms Acres Yield
Maize=Corn 180 12925 1616456 bu
Sorghum for Grain or Seed 1 D D
Wheat 7932 5602336 172214482 bu
Durum Wheat for Grain 631 289211 7483240 bu
Spring Wheat for Grain 6536 3835928 111027909 bu
Winter Wheat for Grain 3229 1477197 53703333 bu
Barley 4423 1093414 55236960 bu
Buckwheat 3 367 D
Canola 147 26775 27581543 lbs
Emmer and Spelt 4 290 11984 bu
Flaxseed 27 4131 53816 bu
Mustard Seed 43 10923 7838625 lbs
Oats 1251 66331 3501669 bu
Proso Millet 6 406 8430 bu
Rye 6 1207 38493 bu
Safflower 82 19609 19591612 lbs
Sunflower Seed 11 1365 1271680 lbs
Triticale 2 D D
Grain Legumes Farms Acres Yield
Dry Edible Beans 98 7528 152454 cwt
Dry Edible Peas 110 15317 13951120 lbs
Lentils 67 12758 10671500 lbs
Forages Farms Acres Yield
Field Seed and Grass Seed Crops 171 22346 X
Alfalfa Seed 114 13122 2985816 lbs
Austrian Winter Peas 3 375 574400
Bromegrass Seed 3 632 190160 lbs
Kentucky Bluegrass Seed 5 259 50983
Wheatgrass Seed 43 5615 344454 lbs
Other Seeds 10 2257 503931 lbs
Total Hay* 13536 2528517 4745596 tons, dry
Alfalfa Hay 10386 1556067 3323933 tons, dry
Small Grain Hay 2547 195442 337211 tons, dry
Tame Hay 3474 417451 584711 tons, dry
Wild Hay 2734 326719 442234 tons dry
Grass Silage 252 32838 172511 tons, grn
Corn for Silage or Green Chop 422 36644 736202 tons, grn
Sorghum for Silage or Green Chop 13 671 5062 tons, grn
Vegetables Farms Acres Yield
Snap Beans 25 14  
Beets 23 8  
Sugar Beets for Sugar 415 59345 1243622 tons
Head Cabbage 32 19  
Cantaloups 10 29  
Carrots 35 14  
Cauliflower 13 5  
Cucumbers and Pickles 25 20  
Herbs, Fresh Cut 9 D  
Dry Onions 20 8  
Green Onions 2 D  
Green Peas 30 14  
Hot Peppers 8 1  
Sweet Peppers 9 4  
Potatoes 134 10504 3382085 cwt
Pumpkins 31 66  
Radishes 7 3  
Squash 36 19  
Sweet Corn 75 450  
Tomatoes 26 21  
Mixed Vegetables 4 7  
Watermelons 5 3  
Other Vegetables 16 23  
Fruits and Nuts Farms Acres Yield
Apples 123 415 66406 trees
Apricots 3 1 18 trees
Cherries, Total 184 792 64969 trees
Sweet Cherries 174 629 D
Tart Cherries 28 163 D
Grapes 9 10 6694 trees
Peaches 10 3 240 trees
Pears 21 6 308 trees
Plums and Prunes 27 6 362
Other Fruits and Nuts 5 4 72
Raspberries 40 9 17731 lbs
Strawberries 15 8 25847 lbs
Other Crops Farms Acres Yield
Herbs, Total 12 76 X
Herbs, Dried 5 D 3866
Mint for Oil 51 7356 486539 lbs
Other 22 796 X
Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale Farms Sq. ft. under glass or other protection Acres in the open Sales ($1,000)
Nursery and Greenhouse Crops 362 1792164 5076 20173
Nursery, Floriculture, Vegetable and Flower Seed Crops 119 X 1229 X
Floriculture Crops 161 1518765 61 8797
Bedding and Garden Plants 138 1280207 36 7148
Cut Flowers and Cut Florist Greens 19 D 19 73
Foliage Plants 13 D D 444
Potted Flowering Plants 34 165110 D 1132
Bulbs, Corms, Rhizomes, and Tubers 5 D 2 D
Cut Christmas Trees Harvested 74 X 1037 1390
Nursery Crops 91 137891 474 6199
Sod Harvested 12 X 746 2966
Vegetable and Flower Seeds 14 14150 6 149
Greenhouse Vegetables 30 102826 X 500
Other Nursery and Greenhouse Crops 68 18200 2750 143

*Alfalfa, grass silage, green chops etc.
D=Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual farms.
X=Not applicable.