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Iowa CropMAP

Total population (1990 census): 2,776,755
State Capital: Des Moines

Extension office

For CropSELECT see county pages.

Crop Statistics (1997 US Census of Agriculture)

Cereals Farms Acres Yield
Maize=Corn 61860 11595308 1537482128 bu
Sorghum for Grain or Seed 52 1177 84584 bu
Sorghum for Sirup 5 D 56880 lbs
Wheat 719 22123 905333 bu
Barley 245 4807 260264 bu
Oats 10823 211985 14293977 bu
Popcorn 188 12368 34717102 lbs shelled
Proso Millet 4 68 1602 bu
Rye 88 1621 55205 bu
Grain Legumes Farms Acres Yield
Soybeans for Beans 56436 9944865 445574589 bu
Dry Edible Beans 61 5847 98472 cwt
Forages Farms Acres Yield
Field Seed and Grass Seed Crops 53 2458 X
Alfalfa Seed 8 385 29750 lbs
Bromegrass Seed 4 62 12280 lbs
Red Clover Seed 23 655 58587 lbs
Vetch Seed 4 152 23655 lbs
Other Seeds 15 1054 177434 lbs
Total Hay* 37711 1575777 4365999 tons, dry
Alfalfa Hay 31165 1082904 3406219 tons, dry
Small Grain Hay 4850 86879 174853 tons, dry
Tame Hay 8144 264017 499901 tons, dry
Wild Hay 1347 28635 44206 tons dry
Grass Silage 2691 113342 722417 tons, grn
Corn for Silage or Green Chop 8405 241549 3993158 tons, grn
Corn Cut for Dry Fodder 6 128 X
Sorghum Cut for Dry Forage or Hay 9 106 322
Sorghum for Silage or Green Chop 121 1953 23532 tons, grn
Vegetables Farms Acres Yield
Asparagus 84 105  
Green Lima Beans 1 D  
Snap Beans 130 190  
Beets 31 11  
Broccoli 28 11  
Head Cabbage 80 323  
Cantaloups 97 351  
Carrots 27 386  
Cauliflower 10 3  
Collards 3 D  
Cucumbers and Pickles 76 64  
Eggplant 31 14  
Herbs, Fresh Cut 9 7  
Honeydew Melons 2 D  
Kale 2 D  
Lettuce and Romaine 23 3  
Mustard Greens 6 1  
Dry Onions 53 113  
Green Onions 19 5  
Okra 8 2  
Green Peas 57 955  
Hot Peppers 27 21  
Sweet Peppers 80 73  
Potatoes 109 1468 296675 cwt
Pumpkins 208 703  
Radishes 24 10  
Rhubarb 12 3  
Spinach 15 8  
Squash 116 182  
Sweet Corn 535 8278  
Tomatoes 238 231  
Turnips 14 4  
Turnip Greens 9 3  
Mixed Vegetables 24 105  
Watermelons 87 338  
Other Vegetables 27 27  
Fruits and Nuts Farms Acres Yield
Apples 405 2206 233692 trees
Apricots 25 4 201 trees
Cherries, Total 42 14 543 trees
Grapes 84 43 18153 trees
Nectarines 3 1 24 trees
Peaches 97 33 2110 trees
Pears 53 14 730 trees
Persimmons 4 1 73
Plums and Prunes 47 13 648
Pecans 5 2 D
English Walnuts 7 13 426 in shell
Other Fruits and Nuts 37 244 23085
Blackberries 14 4 4137 lbs
Tame Blueberries 5 3 10450 lbs
Raspberries 80 42 52042 lbs
Strawberries 132 209 639011 lbs
Other Crops Farms Acres Yield
Herbs, Total 12 D X
Herbs, Dried 3 D 3733
Maple Trees Tapped 10 290 5132
Ginseng 3 1 1315 lbs
Other 23 552 X
Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Cut Christmas Trees Harvested, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale Farms Sq. ft. under glass or other protection Acres in the open Sales ($1,000)
Nursery and Greenhouse Crops 819 7590138 9737 73208
Nursery, Floriculture, Vegetable and Flower Seed Crops 107 X 1876 X
Floriculture Crops 295 6975991 142 47546
Bedding and Garden Plants 259 4386973 80 30992
Cut Flowers and Cut Florist Greens 37 32164 40 367
Foliage Plants 28 340294 13 719
Potted Flowering Plants 79 2216560 10 15468
Bulbs, Corms, Rhizomes, and Tubers 10 D 3 D
Cut Christmas Trees Harvested 290 X 1112 2655
Nursery Crops 188 253682 2266 13089
Sod Harvested 49 X 4029 6748
Vegetable and Flower Seeds 23 25299 213 348
Greenhouse Vegetables 33 256176 X 1429
Other Nursery and Greenhouse Crops 179 56740 1971 1260

*Alfalfa, grass silage, green chops etc.
D=Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual farms.
X=Not applicable.