Gramineae, Poaceae Phleum pratense L.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
Timothy is of European origin but was first cultivated in the United States. It became the most important hay-grass in this country by the start of the last century. It is still of major importance in cool sections, with more than 6 million acres cut for hay annually. The plant is a bunchgrass, long-lived and winter hardy in cool, moist areas. Stems are leafy, and reach to 40 inches under the best conditions. Timothy is palatable and nutritious both for hay and for grazing. It does not tolerate drought, high temperatures or close grazing. Numerous varieties are available.