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Ber, Chinese date

Rhamnaceae Ziziphus jujuba Mill.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

The jujube or Chinese date, introduced into this country from China, is a medium size tree, up to 25 or more feet, with glossy green, deciduous foliage.

It thrives best in warm, dry climates; but will withstand winter temperatures down to -20 F. Fruit is generally dark brown when ripe, oval to pyriform in shape, 1 to 2 inches diameter, with a single stone. Fruit will dry if left on tree, similar to figs. Skin is smooth and thin until drying of fruit occurs, then becomes wrinkled. Pulp is dryer than in most fruits.

Season, bloom to mature: 2 to 4 months, depending on kind and climate.

Production in U.S.: Not commercial. Scattered trees, mostly home gardens.

Use: Some fresh eating, confections.

Part of fruit consumed: All except stone.

Last update June 31, 1996 by aw