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Umbelliferae Carum carvi L.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

Caraway is an annual or biennial plant of the carrot family, grown for the seeds, which are widely used in cookery. The leaves are greatly compound, with thread-like divisions. The flower stock is 2 feet or more in height. Flowers and seeds are borne in clusters. Seeds are ovate to oblong, somewhat ribbed. Like carrots, the plant forms a rosette of leaves and a tuberous root the first season, and the seed stalk the second year.

Season, start of growth to harvest, second year: About 4 months.

Production in U.S.: 40 acres reported 1949 census. No later data. Around 6,000,000 pounds imported.

Use: Mainly in cookery. Oil from seeds in cosmetics.

Part of plant utilized: Seed only.

Last update February 18, 1999 by ch