Leguminosae Phaseolus vulgaris L.
P. acutifolius A. Gray.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
These are beans that ripen prior to harvest and are threshed dry from the pods. Only the ripe seeds are marketed. Four main types are grown as follows: (1) Medium type includes Pinto, Great Northern, Sutter, Pink Bayo, and Small Red or Mexican Red; (2) Pea or Navy; (3) Kidney; and (4) Marrow. Seeds vary in size from about 1/3 inch long in the pea or navy bean to 3/4 inch in the Kidney. All plants are of bush type. They are usually cut or pulled when most pods are ripe, then vines and pods are allowed to dry before threshing.
The Tepary bean P. acutifolius, is native to southwestern U.S. and Mexico and long grown by the Indians there. It is highly heat and drought resistant, but eating quality is less desirable than P. vulgaris. Culture is similar to that of other dry or field beans.
Production in the U.S.: 900,000 tons.
Use: Commercially canned, soup, cooked in homes.
Part of plant consumed: Seed only.
Soldier Bean (also known as Johnson Bean) is an heirloom variety from New England of P. vulgaris
The Black Turtle Bean is a very old cultivar from N. South America: an essential component of Brazilian "Feojada" soup