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Sagon (Tectona grandis Linn.)

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankajoudhia@gmail.com
www.pankajoudhia.com

Copyright © 2004. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Scientific name: Tectona grandis Linn.
Family: Verbenaceae
English Name: Teak
Hindi Name: Sagon, Sagwan

General Description: Sagon is a well known for its high grade timber. Although it is known less for its medicinal properties and uses but in India, its different plant parts are in use as medicine since generations.

Botanical Description: A large to very large deciduous tree having height upto 35 meters; bark having brown or grey colour and shallow longitudinal furrows; Leaves simple, opposite, broadly elliptical or obovate, acute or acuminate, coriaceous, possessing minute glandular dots; Flowers white, many, small, having pleasant smell, in large erect terminal branched tomentose cymose bladder like calyx; seeds usually 1-3, ovate, marble white.

Useful Parts: All parts.

Traditional Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, wood is acrid, cooling, laxative, sedative to gravid uterus and useful in treatment of piles, leucoderma and dysentery. Flowers are acrid, bitter and dry and useful in bronchitis, biliousness, urinary discharges etc. Roots are useful in treatment of urinary system related troubles. According to Unani system of medicine, the oil from flower is hair promoter and useful in scabies. Wood is good for headache, biliousness, burning sensation and pain and liver related troubles. It allays thirst and possess anthelmintic and expectorant properties.

Other Uses
Wood is used for ship building, railways, piles in harbour, bridge-building, construction work, furniture and cabinet work.
Leaves yield dye, which is used for dyeing cotton and wool.

Reference
Agharakar, S.P. (1991). Medicinal plants of Bombay Presidency. Pbl. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India : 208-209/
Singh, U., Wadhwani, A.M. and Johri, B.M. (1996). Dictionary of economic plants of India. Pbl. ICAR, New Delhi, India : 225-226.
Varier, P.S. (1997). Indian Medicinal Plants : A compendium of 500 species Vol. V. Pbl. Orient Longman, Hyderabad, India : 245-248.

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankajoudhia@gmail.com
archive.org/details/pankajoudhia
www.youtube.com/user/pankajoudhia?feature=results_main
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