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Malkangni or Peng (Celastrus paniculatus Wild)

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India

Copyright © 2004. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Scientific Name: Celastrus paniculatus Wild.
Family: Celastraceae
English Name: Black-Oil tree, Intellect tree, Climbing-staff plant.
Common Indian Names
Gujarati - Malkangana, Velo
Hindi - Malkakni, Malkamni, Malkangni
Canarese - Kangli, Kangodi, Kariganne
Marathi - Kangani, Malkangoni
Sanskrit - Jyotishmati, Kanguni, Sphutabandhani, Svarnalota
Telugu - Teegapalleru, Malaria teega
Bengali - Malkanjri
Malyalam - Polulavam
Tamil - Valuluvai

Botanical Description: It is an unarmed large woody climber; Leaves simple, alternate, very variable, elliptic, ovate, broadly, obovate or sub-orbicular, glabrous, sometimes pubescent beneath along the venation, up to 6 × 11 cm; base cuneate, obtuse or rounded, apex acute, acuminate or obtuse; panicles large, terminal, pubescent; Male flowers minute, Pale green; Calyx lobes suborbicular, toothed; Petals oblong or obovate-oblong, entire; Disk copular; Female flowers having sepals, petals and disk similar to those of male flowers; Capsule subglobose, bright yellow, trivalved, 3-6 seeded; Seeds ellipsoid, yellowish brown, enclosed in a red fleshy aril.

Useful Parts: Leaves and seeds

Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, leaves are emmenagogue whereas seeds are acrid, bitter, hot, appetizer, laxative, emetic, aphrodisiac, powerful brain tonic, cause burning sensation. Oil enriches blood and cures abdominal complains. According on Unani system of medicine, seeds are bitter, expectorant, brain and liver tonic, cure joint-pains, paralysis and weakness. Oil stomachic, tonic, good for cough and asthma; used in leprosy, cures headache and leucoderma.

Agharkar, S.P. 1991. Medicinal plants of Bombay Presidency. Pbl. Scientific Publishers, Jodhurpur, India. p. 59.60.

Krishnamurthy, T.1993. Minor forest products of India. Pbl. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India. p. 35.

Lindley, J. 1985. Flora Medica. Pbl. Ajay Book Service, New Delhi, India. p. 198.

Singh, U; Wadhwani, A.M. and Johri, B.M. 1996. Dictionary of Economical Plants of India. Pbl. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India. p. 46.

Verma, D.M. Balakrishnan, N.P. and Dixit, R.D. 1993. Flora of Madhya Pradesh. Vol. I. Pbl. Botanical survey of India, Kolkata, India. p. 274.

  Celastrus paniculatus Celastrus maytenus
Plant Unarmed climbing shrub Small tree
Leaves Broadly oval or ovate or obovate, usually with a sudden short acumination, slightly serrated, glabrous Alternate, simple, coriaceous, evergreen, ovate-lanceolate, tapering a little at the base and very much at the apex, serrated
Flowers Racemes terminal, compound or supra-decompound, Calyx-lobed rounded, ciliated, margin of the disk thin, free Axillary, fascicled, herbaceous minute
Capsule Globose, 3-celled, 3-6 seeded At the size of a pea, turbinate, cinerous, coriaceous, 2-valved, 2 seeded
Seed With complete arillus 2, erect, with an orange-coloured aril

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