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Bramhi (Bacopa monnieri)

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India

Copyright © 2004. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Scientific Name: Bacopa monnieri (L.) Penn. syn. Herpestris monnieria; Moniera euneifolia; Lysimachia monnieri.
Family: Scrophulariaceae
English Name: Thyme leaved graticula.
Hindi Name: Bramhi.

General Description: It grows in damp, marshy areas. It is a reputed medicinal herb in Indian systems of medicine. It is also under cultivation as medicinal crop.

Botanical Description: It is a glabrous somewhat succulent, creeping herb, rooting at the nodes, with numerous prostrate branches, each 10-30 cm long; Leaves oblong to spathulate, sessile, decussate, rather fleshy, entire, punctuate, obtuse; Flowers axillary, solitary, peduncles often much longer and deflexed in fruiting stage; Corolla about one cm long, pale, lobes 5, oblong, obtuse, subequal, tips purple; Capsule ovoid-acuminate or slightly beaked at the apex; Seeds oblong, truncate, longitudinally ribbed with transverse striations in between the ribs.

Useful Parts: The whole herb.

Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, it is bitter, pungent, heating, emetic, laxative and useful in bad ulcers, tumours, ascites, enlargement of spleen, indigestion, inflammations, leprosy, anaemia, biliousness etc. According to Unani system of medicine, it is bitter, aphrodisiac, good in scabies, leucoderma, syphilis etc. It is promising blood purifier and useful in diarrhea and fevers.

Ayurvedic Preparations: Bramhi-Ghrita.

Chemical Constituents: Active principle, Hersaponin, resembles resperpine and chloromazine in its central action.

Agharkar, S.P. (1991). The medicinal plants of Bombay Presidency. Pbl. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India : 33-34.
Bhandari, M.M. (1990). Flora of the Indian desert. Pbl. MPS Repros, Jodhpur, India : 250.

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India

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