Purdue University Logo
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture
 
Horticulture Home Page
Agriculture Home Page
Purdue Home Page
Blackboard
HORT640 Home Page
N Use By Plants
Nitrate Assimilation
Ammonia Assimilation
Glu, Gln, Asn, Gly, Ser
Aminotransferases
Asp, Ala, GABA
Val, Leu, Ileu, Thr, Lys
Pro, Arg, Orn
Polyamines
Non-protein AAs
Alkaloids
Sulfate Assimilation
Cys, Met, AdoMet, ACC
His, Phe, Tyr, Tryp
Secondary Products
Onium Compounds
Enzymes
Methods
Simulation
References
HORT640 - Metabolic Plant Physiology

References, superoxide

Abdel-Ghany SE. Contribution of plastocyanin isoforms to photosynthesis and copper homeostasis in Arabidopsis thaliana grown at different copper regimes. Planta 229: 767-779 (2009).

Abdel-Ghany SE, Burkhead JL, Gogolin KA, Andres-Colas N, Bodecker JR, Puig S, Penarrubia L, Pilon M. AtCCS is a functional homolog of the yeast copper chaperone Ccs1/Lys7. FEBS Lett. 579: 2307-2312 (2005).

Abdel-Ghany SE, Muller-Moule P, Niyogi KK, Pilon M, Shikanai T. Two P-type ATPases are required for copper delivery in Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplasts. Plant Cell 17: 1233-1251 (2005).

Abdul Jaleel C, Manivannan P, Sankar B, Kishorekumar A, Panneerselvam R. Calcium chloride effects on salinity-induced oxidative stress, proline metabolism and indole alkaloid accumulation in Catharanthus roseus. C. R. Biol. 330: 674-683 (2007).

Able AJ, Guest DI, Sutherland MW. Use of a new tetrazolium-based assay to study the production of superoxide radicals by tobacco cell cultures challenged with avirulent zoospores of Phytophthora parasitica var nicotianae. Plant Physiol. 117: 491-499 (1998).

Able AJ, Guest DI, Sutherland MW. Hydrogen peroxide yields during the incompatible interaction of tobacco suspension cells inoculated with Phytophthora nicotianae. Plant Physiol. 124: 899-910 (2000).

Aertsen A, De Spiegeleer P, Vanoirbeek K, Lavilla M, Michiels CW. Induction of oxidative stress by high hydrostatic pressure in Escherichia coli. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71: 2226-2231 (2005).

Agarwal S, Sairam RK, Srivastava GC, Tyagi A, Meena RC. Role of ABA, salicylic acid, calcium and hydrogen peroxide on antioxidant enzymes induction in wheat seedlings. Plant Sci. 169: 559-570 (2005).

Ahlfors R, Lang S, Overmyer K, Jaspers P, Brosche M, Tauriainen A, Kollist H, Tuominen H, Belles-Boix E, Piippo M, Inze D, Palva ET, Kangasjarvi J. Arabidopsis RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH1 belongs to the WWE protein-protein interaction domain protein family and modulates abscisic acid, ethylene, and methyl jasmonate responses. Plant Cell 16: 1925-1937 (2004).

Akagawa M, Suyama K. Amine oxidase-like activity of polyphenols. Mechanism and properties. Eur. J. Biochem. 268: 1953-1963 (2001).

Akkapeddi AS, Shin DI, Stanek MT, Karnosky DF, Podila GK. cDNA and derived amino acid sequence of the chloroplastic copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase from aspen (Populus tremuloides). Plant Physiol. 106: 1231-1232 (1994).

Aktas H, Karni L, Chang DC, Turhan E, Bar-Tal A, Aloni B. The suppression of salinity-associated oxygen radicals production, in pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruit, by manganese, zinc and calcium in relation to its sensitivity to blossom-end rot. Physiol. Plant. 123: 67-74 (2005).

Ali MB, Thanh NT, Yu KW, Hahn EJ, Paek KP, Lee HL. Induction in the antioxidative systems and lipid peroxidation in suspension culture roots of Panax ginseng induced by oxygen in bioreactors. Plant Sci. 169: 833-841 (2005).

Ali MB, Yu KW, Hahn EJ, Paek KY. Differential responses of anti-oxidants enzymes, lipoxygenase activity, ascorbate content and the production of saponins in tissue cultured root of mountain Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer and Panax quinquefolium L. Plant Sci. 169: 83-92 (2005).

Allen MD, Kropat J, Tottey S, Campo JA, Merchant SS. Manganese deficiency in Chlamydomonas results in loss of PSII and MnSOD function, sensitivity to peroxides, and secondary phosphorus- and iron-deficiency. Plant Physiol. 143: 263-277 (2007).

Allen RD. Overexpression of chloroplastic Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase in plants. Methods Mol. Biol. 44: 309-323 (1995).

Allen RD, Webb RP, Schake SA. Use of transgenic plants to study antioxidant defenses. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 23: 473-479 (1997).

Alscher RG, Erturk N, Heath LS. Role of superoxide dismutases (SODs) in controlling oxidative stress in plants. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 1331-1341 (2002).

Alves E, Velini ED, Trindade ML, Cataneo AC, Marino CL, Mori ES, Guerrini IA, Furtado EL, Wilcken CF. Eucalyptus ESTs related to genes for oxidative stress. J. Environ. Sci. Health B. 40: 151-157 (2005).

Alvim FC, Carolino SM, Cascardo JC, Nunes CC, Martinez CA, Otoni WC, Fontes EP. Enhanced accumulation of BiP in transgenic plants confers tolerance to water stress. Plant Physiol. 126: 1042-1054 (2001).

Amsellem Z, Jansen M, Driesenaar A, Gressel J. Developmental variability of photooxidative stress tolerance in paraquat-resistant Conyza. Plant Physiol. 103: 1097-1106 (1993).

Andrews PK, Fahy DA, Foyer CH. Relationships between fruit exocarp antioxidants in the tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) high pigment-1 mutant during development. Physiol. Plant. 120: 519-528 (2004).

Aniya Y, Anders MW. Activation of rat liver microsomal glutathione S-transferase by reduced oxygen species. J. Biol. Chem. 264: 1998-2002 (1989).

Arisi AC, Cornic G, Jouanin L, Foyer CH. Overexpression of iron superoxide dismutase in transformed poplar modifies the regulation of photosynthesis at low CO2 partial pressures or following exposure to the prooxidant herbicide methyl viologen. Plant Physiol. 117: 565-574 (1998).

Arora A, Sairam RK, Srivastava GC. Oxidative stress and antioxidative system in plants. Curr. Sci. 82: 1227-1238 (2002).

Asada K. The water-water cycle in chloroplasts: scavenging of active oxygens and dissipation of excess photons. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 50: 601-639 (1999).

Avila MA, Corrales FJ, Ruiz F, Sanchez-Gongora E, Mingorance J, Carretero MV, Mato IM. Specific interaction of methionine adenosyltransferase with free radicals. Biofactors 8: 27-32 (1998).

Avsian-Kretchmer O, Gueta-Dahan Y, Lev-Yadun S, Gollop R, Ben-Hayyim G. The salt-stress signal transduction pathway that activates the gpx1 promoter is mediated by intracellular H2O2, different from the pathway induced by extracellular H2O2. Plant Physiol. 135: 1685-1696 (2004).

Ayliffe MA, Agostino A, Clarke BC, Furbank R, von Caemmerer S, Pryor AJ. Suppression of the barley uroporphyrinogen III synthase gene by a Ds activation tagging element generates developmental photosensitivity. Plant Cell 21: 814-831 (2009).

Azevedo H, Lino-Neto T, Tavares RM. The necrotroph Botrytis cinerea induces a non-host type II resistance mechanism in Pinus pinaster suspension-cultured cells. Plant Cell Physiol. 49: 386-395 (2008).

Babiak RM, Campello AP, Carnieri EG, Oliveira MB. Methotrexate: pentose cycle and oxidative stress. Cell Biochem. Funct. 16: 283-293 (1998).

Babu BN, Brown OR. Quantitative effects of redox-cycling chemicals on the oxidant-sensitive enzyme dihydroxy-acid dehydratase. Microbios. 82: 157-170 (1995).

Bagchi D, Garg A, Krohn RL, Bagchi M, Tran MX, Stohs SJ. Oxygen free radical scavenging abilities of vitamins C and E, and a grape seed proanthocyanidin extract in vitro. Res. Commun. Mol. Pathol. Pharmacol. 95: 179-189 (1997).

Bai Z, Harvey LM, McNeil B. Physiological responses of chemostat cultures of Aspergillus niger (B1-D) to simulated and actual oxidative stress. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 82: 691-701 (2003).

Bai Z, Harvey LM, McNeil B. Elevated temperature effects on the oxidant/antioxidant balance in submerged batch cultures of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger B1-D. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 83: 772-779 (2003).

Baier M, Noctor G, Foyer CH, Dietz KJ. Antisense suppression of 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin in Arabidopsis specifically enhances the activities and expression of enzymes associated with ascorbate metabolism but not glutathione metabolism. Plant Physiol. 124: 823-832 (2000).

Bajaj S, Targolli J, Liu LF, Ho THD, Wu R. Transgenic approaches to increase dehydration-stress tolerance in plants. Mol. Breed. 5: 493-503 (1999).

Bajda A, Konopka-Postupolska D, Krzymowska M, Hennig J, Skorupinska-Tudek K, Surmacz L, Wojcik J, Matysiak Z, Chojnacki T, Skorzynska-Polit E, Drazkiewicz M, Patrzylas P, Tomaszewska M, Kania M, Swist M, Danikiewicz W, Piotrowska W, Swiezewska E. Role of polyisoprenoids in tobacco resistance against biotic stresses. Physiol. Plant. 135: 351-64 (2009).

Balkan J, Parldar FH, Dogru-Abbasoglu S, Aykac-Toker G, Uysal M. The effect of taurine or betaine pretreatment on hepatotoxicity and prooxidant status induced by lipopolysaccharide treatment in the liver of rats. Eur. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 17: 917-921 (2005).

Banci L, Bertini I, Cramaro F, Del Conte R, Viezzoli MS. The solution structure of reduced dimeric copper zinc superoxide dismutase. The structural effects of dimerization. Eur. J. Biochem. 269: 1905-1915 (2002).

Barber MJ, Kay CJ. Superoxide production during reduction of molecular oxygen by assimilatory nitrate reductase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 326: 227-232 (1996).

Barka EA. Protective enzymes against reactive oxygen species during ripening of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) fruits in response to low amounts of UV-C. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 28: 785-791 (2001).

Barra L, Pica N, Gouffi K, Walker GC, Blanco C, Trautwetter A. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase is required for sucrose and trehalose to be efficient osmoprotectants in Sinorhizobium meliloti. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 229: 183-188 (2003).

Baxter CJ, Redestig H, Schauer N, Repsilber D, Patil KR, Nielsen J, Selbig J, Liu J, Fernie AR, Sweetlove LJ. The metabolic response of heterotrophic Arabidopsis cells to oxidative stress. Plant Physiol. 143: 312-325 (2007).

Beckett RP, Minibayeva FV, Luthje S, Bottger M. Reactive oxygen species metabolism in desiccation-stressed thalli of the liverwort Dumortiera hirsuta. Physiol. Plant. 122: 3-10 (2004).

Beckett RP, Minibayeva FV, Vylegzhanina NN, Tolpysheva T. High rates of extracellular superoxide production by lichens in the suborder Peltigerineae correlate with indices of high metabolic activity. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 1827-1837 (2003).

Beligni MV, Lamattina L. Nitric oxide interferes with plant photo-oxidative stress by detoxifying reactive oxygen species. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 737-748 (2002).

Bellincampi D, Dipierro N, Salvi G, Cervone F, De Lorenzo G. Extracellular H(2)O(2) induced by oligogalacturonides is not involved in the inhibition of the auxin-regulated rolB gene expression in tobacco leaf explants. Plant Physiol. 122: 1379-1386 (2000).

Ben Amor N, Ben Hamed K, Debez A, Grignon C, Abdelly C. Physiological and antioxidant responses of the perennial halophyte Crithmum maritimum to salinity. Plant Sci. 168: 889-899 (2005).

Ben-Amor M, Flores B, Latche A, Bouzayen M, Pech JC, Fomojaro F. Inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis by antisense ACC oxidase RNA prevents chilling injury in Charentais cantaloupe melons. Plant Cell Environ. 22: 1579-1586 (1999).

Berducci G, Mazzetti AP, Rotilio G, Battistoni A. Periplasmic competition for zinc uptake between the metallochaperone ZnuA and Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase. FEBS Lett. 569: 289-292 (2004).

Biemelt S, Keetman U, Mock H-P, Grimm B. Expression and activity of isoenzymes of superoxide dismutase in wheat roots in response to hypoxia and anoxia. Plant Cell Environ. 23: 135-144 (2000).

Bini E, Dikshit V, Dirksen K, Drozda M, Blum P. Stability of mRNA in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. RNA 8: 1129-1136 (2002).

Blodner C, Skroppa T, Johnsen O, Polle A. Freezing tolerance in two Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) progenies is physiologically correlated with drought tolerance. J. Plant Physiol. 162: 549-558 (2005).

Blokhina O, Virolainen E, Fagerstedt KV. Antioxidants, oxidative damage and oxygen deprivation stress: a review. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 91: 179-194 (2003).

Bolwell GP, Butt VS, Davies DR, Zimmerlin A. The origin of the oxidative burst in plants. Free Radic. Res. 23: 517-532 (1995).

Booker FL, Fiscus EL. The role of ozone flux and antioxidants in the suppression of ozone injury by elevated CO2 in soybean. J. Exp. Bot. 56: 2139-2151 (2005).

Boominathan R, Doran PM. Cadmium tolerance and antioxidative defenses in hairy roots of the cadmium hyperaccumulator, Thlaspi caerulescens. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 83: 158-167 (2003).

Borland A, Elliott S, Patterson S, Taybi T, Cushman J, Pater B, Barnes J. Are the metabolic components of Crassulacean acid metabolism up-regulated in response to an increase in oxidative burden? J. Exp. Bot. 57: 319-328 (2006).

Borowski T, Blomberg MR, Siegbahn PE. Reaction mechanism of apocarotenoid oxygenase (ACO): a DFT study. Chemistry 14: 2264-2276 (2008).

Borsani O, Valpuesta V, Botella MA. Evidence for a role of salicylic acid in the oxidative damage generated by NaCl and osmotic stress in Arabidopsis seedlings. Plant Physiol. 126: 1024-1030 (2001).

Bouranis DL, Chorianopoulou SN, Siyiannis VF, Protonotarios VE, Hawkesford MJ. Aerenchyma formation in roots of maize during sulphate starvation. Planta 217: 382-391 (2003).

Bown AW, Hall DE, MacGregor KB. Insect footsteps on leaves stimulate the accumulation of 4-aminobutyrate and can be visualized through increased chlorophyll fluorescence and superoxide production. Plant Physiol. 129: 1430-1434 (2002).

Brioukhanov AL, Netrusov AI. Catalase and superoxide dismutase: distribution, properties, and physiological role in cells of strict anaerobes. Biochemistry (Mosc.) 69: 949-962 (2004).

Brown OR, Smyk-Randall E, Draczynska-Lusiak B, Fee JA. Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase, a [4Fe-4S] cluster-containing enzyme in Escherichia coli: effects of intracellular superoxide dismutase on its inactivation by oxidant stress. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 319: 10-22 (1995).

Brugiere N, Dubois F, Limami AM, Lelandais M, Roux Y, Sangwan RS, Hirel B. Glutamine synthetase in the phloem plays a major role in controlling proline production. Plant Cell 11: 1995-2012 (1999).

Bueno P, Varela J, Gimeenez-Gallego G, del Rio LA. Peroxisomal copper, zinc superoxide dismutase. Characterization of the isoenzyme from watermelon cotyledons. Plant Physiol. 108: 1151-1160 (1995).

Bunik VI, Sievers C. Inactivation of the 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes upon generation of intrinsic radical species. Eur. J. Biochem. 269: 5004-5015 (2002).

Burritt DJ, Mackenzie S. Antioxidant metabolism during acclimation of Begonia x erythrophylla to high light levels. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 91: 783-794 (2003).

Bykova NV, Egsgaard H, Moller IM. Identification of 14 new phosphoproteins involved in important plant mitochondrial processes. FEBS Lett. 540: 141-146 (2003).

Camacho A, Moreno-Sanchez R, Bernal-Lugo I. Control of superoxide production in mitochondria from maize mesocotyls. FEBS Lett. 570: 52-56 (2004).

Cao SQ, Xu QT, Cao YJ, Qian K, An K, Zhu Y, Hu BZ, Zhao HF, Kuai BK. Loss-of-function mutations in DET2 gene lead to an enhanced resistance to oxidative stress in Arabidopsis. Physiol. Plant. 123: 57-66 (2005).

Cape JL, Bowman MK, Kramer DM. Understanding the cytochrome bc complexes by what they don't do. The Q-cycle at 30. Trends Plant Sci. 11: 46-55 (2006).

Carter C, Healy R, O'Tool NM, Naqvi SM, Ren G, Park S, Beattie GA, Horner HT, Thornburg RW. Tobacco nectaries express a novel NADPH oxidase implicated in the defense of floral reproductive tissues against microorganisms. Plant Physiol. 143: 389-399 (2007).

Cavas L, Yurdakoc K. A comparative study: assessment of the antioxidant system in the invasive green alga Caulerpa racemosa and some macrophytes from the Mediterranean. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 321: 35-41 (2005).

Cervilla LM, Blasco B, Ríos JJ, Romero L, Ruiz JM. Oxidative stress and antioxidants in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants subjected to boron toxicity. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 100: 747-756 (2007).

Chaki M, Fernandez-Ocaña AM, Valderrama R, Carreras A, Esteban FJ, Luque F, Gomez-Rodriguez MV, Begara-Morales JC, Corpas FJ, Barroso JB. Involvement of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNS and ROS) in sunflower-mildew interaction. Plant Cell Physiol. 50: 265-279 (2009).

Chary P, Dillon D, Schroeder AL, Natvig DO. Superoxide dismutase (sod-1) null mutants of Neurospora crassa: oxidative stress sensitivity, spontaneous mutation rate and response to mutagens. Genetics 137: 723-730 (1994).

Chen HP, He M, Huang QR, Liu D, Huang M. Sasanquasaponin protects rat cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress induced by anoxia-reoxygenation injury. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 575: 21-27 (2007).

Chen LS, Cheng L. Both xanthophyll cycle-dependent thermal dissipation and the antioxidant system are up-regulated in grape (Vitis labrusca L. cv. Concord) leaves in response to N limitation. J. Exp. Bot. 54: 2165-2175 (2003).

Chen LS, Qi YP, Liu XH. Effects of aluminum on light energy utilization and photoprotective systems in citrus leaves. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 96: 35-41 (2005).

Chen S, Gollop N, Heuer B. Proteomic analysis of salt-stressed tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) seedlings: effect of genotype and exogenous application of glycinebetaine. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 2005-2019 (2009).

Chen WP, Li PH. Membrane stabilization by abscisic acid under cold aids proline in alleviating chilling injury in maize (Zea mays L.) cultured cells. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 955-962 (2002).

Chen X, Wang Y, Li J, Jiang A, Cheng Y, Zhang W. Mitochondrial proteome during salt stress-induced programmed cell death in rice. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 47: 407-415 (2009).

Chen XW, Yang L, Zhang Y, Gong JF. Effects of low temperature at 10 degrees C on some antioxidant enzyme activities and ultrastructures of hypocotylar cells in mung bean and garden pea. Zhi Wu Sheng Li Yu Fen Zi Sheng Wu Xue Xue Bao 31: 539-544 (2005).

Chen YP, Jia JF, Han XL. Weak microwave can alleviate water deficit induced by osmotic stress in wheat seedlings. Planta 229: 291-298 (2009).

Choi SM, Jeong SW, Jeong WJ, Kwon SY, Chow WS, Park YI. Chloroplast Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase is a highly sensitive site in cucumber leaves chilled in the light. Planta 216: 315-324 (2002).

Chomcheon P, Wiyakrutta S, Sriubolmas N, Ngamrojanavanich N, Kengtong S, Mahidol C, Ruchirawat S, Kittakoop P. Aromatase inhibitory, radical scavenging, and antioxidant activities of depsidones and diaryl ethers from the endophytic fungus Corynespora cassiicola L36. Phytochemistry 70: 407-413 (2009).

Chong J, Pierrel MA, Atanassova R, Werck-Reichhart D, Fritig B, Saindrenan P. Free and conjugated benzoic acid in tobacco plants and cell cultures. Induced accumulation upon elicitation of defense responses and role as salicylic acid precursors. Plant Physiol. 125: 318-328 (2001).

Chu CC, Lee WC, Guo WY, Pan SM, Chen LJ, Li HM, Jinn TL. A copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase that confers three types of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase activity in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 139: 425-436 (2005).

Clerkx EJM, Blankestijn-De Vries H, Ruys GJ, Groot SPC, Koornneef M. Genetic differences in seed longevity of various Arabidopsis mutants. Physiol. Plant. 121: 448-461 (2004).

Cona A, Rea G, Botta M, Corelli F, Federico R, Angelini R. Flavin-containing polyamine oxidase is a hydrogen peroxide source in the oxidative response to the protein phosphatase inhibitor cantharidin in Zea mays L. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 2277-2289 (2006).

Conklin PL, Last RL. Differential accumulation of antioxidant mRNAs in Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to ozone. Plant Physiol. 109: 203-212 (1995).

Conrad CC, Grabowski DT, Walter CA, Sabia M, Richardson A. Using MT(-/-) mice to study metallothionein and oxidative stress. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 28: 447-462 (2000).

Considine MJ, Goodman M, Echtay KS, Laloi M, Whelan J, Brand MD, Sweetlove LJ. Superoxide stimulates a proton leak in potato mitochondria that is related to the activity of uncoupling protein. J. Biol. Chem. 278: 22298-22302 (2003).

Cowley SC, Babakaiff R, Av-Gay Y. Expression and localization of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein tyrosine phosphatase PtpA. Res. Microbiol. 153: 233-241 (2002).

Dall'Osto L, Cazzaniga S, North H, Marion-Poll A, Bassi R. The Arabidopsis aba4-1 mutant reveals a specific function for neoxanthin in protection against photooxidative stress. Plant Cell 19: 1048-1064 (2007).

Danon A, Coll NS, Apel K. Cryptochrome-1-dependent execution of programmed cell death induced by singlet oxygen in Arabidopsis thaliana. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 17036-17041 (2006).

Danon A, Miersch O, Felix G, Camp RG, Apel K. Concurrent activation of cell death-regulating signaling pathways by singlet oxygen in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 41: 68-80 (2005).

De la Rosa MA. Assimilatory nitrate reductase from the green alga Ankistrodesmus braunii. Mol. Cell Biochem. 50: 65-74 (1983).

De Leon IP, Sanz A, Hamberg M, Castresana C. Involvement of the Arabidopsis alpha-DOX1 fatty acid dioxygenase in protection against oxidative stress and cell death. Plant J. 29: 61-62 (2002).

del Rio LA, Corpas FJ, Sandalio LM, Palma JM, Barroso JB. Plant peroxisomes, reactive oxygen metabolism and nitric oxide. IUBMB Life 55: 71-81 (2003).

del Rio LA, Corpas FJ, Sandalio LM, Palma JM, Gomez M, Barroso JB. Reactive oxygen species, antioxidant systems and nitric oxide in peroxisomes. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 1255-1272 (2002).

del Rio LA, Sandalio LM, Altomare DA, Zilinskas BA. Mitochondrial and peroxisomal manganese superoxide dismutase: differential expression during leaf senescence. J. Exp. Bot. 54: 923-933 (2003).

del Rio LA, Sandalio LM, Palma JM, Bueno P, Corpas FJ. Metabolism of oxygen radicals in peroxisomes and cellular implications. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 13: 557-580 (1992).

Delledonne M, Xia Y, Dixon RA, Lamb C. Nitric oxide functions as a signal in plant disease resistance. Nature 394: 585-588 (1998).

Demiral T, Turkan I. Does exogenous glycinebetaine affect antioxidative system of rice seedlings under NaCl treatment? J. Plant Physiol. 161: 1089-1100 (2004).

Dennis PP, Shimmin LC. Evolutionary divergence and salinity-mediated selection in halophilic archaea. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 61: 90-104 (1997).

Desikan R, Hancock JT, Coffey MJ, Neill SJ. Generation of active oxygen in elicited cells of Arabidopsis thaliana is mediated by a NADPH oxidase-like enzyme. FEBS Lett. 382: 213-217 (1996).

Devienne KF, Calgaro-Helena AF, Dorta DJ, Prado IM, Raddi MS, Vilegas W, Uyemura SA, Santos AC, Curti C. Antioxidant activity of isocoumarins isolated from Paepalanthus bromelioides on mitochondria. Phytochemistry 68: 1075-1080 (2007).

Diaz-Vivancos P, Rubio M, Mesonero V, Periago PM, Ros Barcelo A, Martinez-Gomez P, Hernandez JA. The apoplastic antioxidant system in Prunus: response to long-term plum pox virus infection. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 3813-3824 (2006).

Dinakar N, Nagajyothi PC, Suresh S, Udaykiran Y, Damodharam T. Phytotoxicity of cadmium on protein, proline and antioxidant enzyme activities in growing Arachis hypogaea L. seedlings. J. Environ. Sci. (China) 20: 199-206 (2008).

Ding J, Sun Y, Xiao CL, Shi K, Zhou YH, Yu JQ. Physiological basis of different allelopathic reactions of cucumber and figleaf gourd plants to cinnamic acid. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 3765-3773 (2007).

Ding S, Lu Q, Zhang Y, Yang Z, Wen X, Zhang L, Lu C. Enhanced sensitivity to oxidative stress in transgenic tobacco plants with decreased glutathione reductase activity leads to a decrease in ascorbate pool and ascorbate redox state. Plant Mol. Biol. 69: 577-592 (2009).

Distefano S, Palma JM, McCarthy I, del Rio LA. Proteolytic cleavage of plant proteins by peroxisomal endoproteases from senescent pea leaves. Planta 209: 308-313 (1999).

Dixit V, Pandey V, Shyam R. Chromium ions inactivate electron transport and enhance superoxide generation in vivo in pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Azad) root mitochondria. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 687-693 (2002).

Dodd FE, Van Beeumen J, Eady RR, Hasnain SS. X-ray structure of a blue-copper nitrite reductase in two crystal forms. The nature of the copper sites, mode of substrate binding and recognition by redox partner. J. Mol. Biol. 282: 369-382 (1998).

Doke N, Miura Y, Sanchez LM, Park HJ, Noritake T, Yoshioka H, Kawakita K. The oxidative burst protects plants against pathogen attack: mechanism and role as an emergency signal for plant bio-defence--a review. Gene 179: 45-51 (1996).

Dong B, Sang WL, Jiang X, Zhou JM, Kong FX, Hu W, Wang LS. Effects of aluminum on physiological metabolism and antioxidant system of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Chemosphere 47: 87-92 (2002).

Dong H, Deng Y, Mu J, Lu Q, Wang Y, Xu Y, Chu C, Chong K, Lu C, Zuo J. The Arabidopsis Spontaneous Cell Death1 gene, encoding a zeta-carotene desaturase essential for carotenoid biosynthesis, is involved in chloroplast development, photoprotection and retrograde signalling. Cell. Res. 17: 458-470 (2007).

Draczynska-Lusiak B, Brown OR. Asparagine synthetase: an oxidant-sensitive enzyme in Escherichia coli. Microbios 77: 141-152 (1994).

Duan B, Yang Y, Lu Y, Korpelainen H, Berninger F, Li C. Interactions between water deficit, ABA, and provenances in Picea asperata. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 3025-3036 (2007).

Duan BL, Lu YW, Yin CY, Junttila O, Li CY. Physiological responses to drought and shade in two contrasting Picea asperata populations. Physiol. Plant. 124: 476-484 (2005).

Dugas DV, Bartel B. Sucrose induction of Arabidopsis miR398 represses two Cu/Zn superoxide dismutases. Plant Mol. Biol. 67: 403-417 (2008).

Dukan S, Nystrom T. Bacterial senescence: stasis results in increased and differential oxidation of cytoplasmic proteins leading to developmental induction of the heat shock regulon. Genes Dev. 12: 3431-3441 (1998).

Duke SO. Overview of herbicide mechanisms of action. Environ. Health Perspect. 87: 263-271 (1990).

Durner J, Gailus V, Boger P. The oxygenase reaction of acetolactate synthase detected by chemiluminescence. FEBS Lett. 354: 71-73 (1994).

Duy D, Wanner G, Meda AR, von Wirén N, Soll J, Philippar K. PIC1, an ancient permease in Arabidopsis chloroplasts, mediates iron transport. Plant Cell 19: 986-1006 (2007).

Ezaki B, Nagao E, Yamamoto Y, Nakashima S, Enomoto T. Wild plants, Andropogon virginicus L. and Miscanthus sinensis Anders, are tolerant to multiple stresses including aluminum, heavy metals and oxidative stresses. Plant Cell Rep. 27: 951-961 (2008).

Ezhova TA, Soldatova OP, Mamanova LB, Musin SM, Grimm B, Shestakov SV. Collection of Arabidopsis thaliana mutants with altered sensitivity to oxidative stress inductors. Izv. Akad. Nauk. Ser. Biol. 5: 533-543 (2001).

Fabrizio P, Pletcher SD, Minois N, Vaupel JW, Longo VD. Chronological aging-independent replicative life span regulation by Msn2/Msn4 and Sod2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. FEBS Lett. 557: 136-142 (2004).

Farrant JM, Bailly C, Leymarie J, Hamman B, Come D, Corbineau F. Wheat seedlings as a model to understand desiccation tolerance and sensitivity. Physiol. Plant. 120: 563-574 (2004).

Fath A, Bethke P, Beligni V, Jones R. Active oxygen and cell death in cereal aleurone cells. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 1273-1282 (2002).

Felton GW, Summers CB. Antioxidant systems in insects. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 29: 187-197 (1995).

Flint DH, Tuminello JF, Emptage MH. The inactivation of Fe-S cluster containing hydro-lyases by superoxide. J. Biol. Chem. 268: 22369-22376 (1993).

Folcarelli S, Venerini F, Battistoni A, O'neill P, Rotilio G, Desideri A. Toward the engineering of a super efficient enzyme. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256: 425-428 (1999).

Forquer I, Covian R, Bowman MK, Trumpower B, Kramer DM. Similar transition states mediate the Q-cycle and superoxide production by the cytochrome bc1 complex. J. Biol. Chem. 281: 38459-38465 (2006).

Foyer CH, Noctor G. Oxidant and antioxidant signalling in plants: a re-evaluation of the concept of oxidative stress in a physiological context. Plant Cell Environ. 28: 1056-1071 (2005).

Frasca V, Banerjee RV, Dunham WR, Sands RH, Matthews RG. Cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase from Escherichia coli B: electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of the inactive form and the active methylated form of the enzyme. Biochemistry 27: 8458-8465 (1988).

Fridovich I. With the help of giants. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 72: 1-18 (2003).

Fridovich I. Superoxide radical and superoxide dismutases. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 64: 97-112 (1995).

Fryer MJ, Andrews JR, Oxborough K, Blowers DA, Baker NR. Relationship between CO2 assimilation, photosynthetic electron transport, and active O2 metabolism in leaves of maize in the field during periods of low temperature. Plant Physiol. 116: 571-580 (1998).

Fryer MJ, Oxborough K, Mullineaux PM, Baker NR. Imaging of photo-oxidative stress responses in leaves. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 1249-1254 (2002).

Fu RY, Bongers RS, van Swam II, Chen J, Molenaar D, Kleerebezem M, Hugenholtz J, Li Y. Introducing glutathione biosynthetic capability into Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris NZ9000 improves the oxidative-stress resistance of the host. Metab. Eng. 8: 662-671 (2006).

Fujibe T, Saji H, Arakawa K, Yabe N, Takeuchi Y, Yamamoto KT. A methyl viologen-resistant mutant of Arabidopsis, which is allelic to ozone-sensitive rcd1, is tolerant to supplemental ultraviolet-B irradiation. Plant Physiol. 134: 275-285 (2004).

Fujs S, Gazdag Z, Poljsak B, Stibilj V, Milacic R, Pesti M, Raspor P, Batic M. The oxidative stress response of the yeast Candida intermedia to copper, zinc, and selenium exposure. J. Basic Microbiol. 45: 125-135 (2005).

Gadjev I, Vanderauwera S, Gechev TS, Laloi C, Minkov IN, Shulaev V, Apel K, Inze D, Mittler R, Van Breusegem F. Transcriptomic footprints disclose specificity of reactive oxygen species signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 141: 436-445 (2006).

Gao D, Tawa R, Masaki H, Okano Y, Sakurai H. Protective effects of baicalein against cell damage by reactive oxygen species. Chem. Pharm. Bull. (Tokyo) 46: 1383-1387 (1998).

Garay-Arroyo A, Lledias F, Hansberg W, Covarrubias AA. Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for resistance to hyperosmosis. FEBS Lett. 539: 68-72 (2003).

Garcia POC, Rivero RM, Lopez-Lefebre LR, Sanchez E, Ruiz JM, Romero L. Response of oxidative metabolism to the application of carbendazim plus boron in tobacco. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 28: 801-806 (2001).

Garnczarska M. Response of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle to re-aeration following hypoxia in lupine roots. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 43: 583-590 (2005).

Garnczarska M, Bednarski W. Effect of a short-term hypoxic treatment followed by re-aeration on free radicals level and antioxidative enzymes in lupine roots. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 42: 233-240 (2004).

Garnczarska M, Bednarski W, Morkunas I. Re-aeration-induced oxidative stress and antioxidative defenses in hypoxically pretreated lupine roots. J. Plant Physiol. 161: 415-422 (2004).

Geissler N, Hussin S, Koyro HW. Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration ameliorates effects of NaCl salinity on photosynthesis and leaf structure of Aster tripolium L. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 137-151 (2009).

Giacomelli L, Rudella A, van Wijk KJ. High light response of the thylakoid proteome in Arabidopsis wild type and the ascorbate-deficient mutant vtc2-2. A comparative proteomics study. Plant Physiol. 141: 685-701 (2006).

Gomez JM, Jimenez A, Olmos E, Sevilla F. Location and effects of long-term NaCl stress on superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase isoenzymes of pea (Pisum sativum cv. Puget) chloroplasts. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 119-130 (2004).

Gomez-Baena G, Diez J, Garcia-Fernandez JM, El Alaoui S, Humanes L. Regulation of glutamine synthetase by metal-catalyzed oxidative modification in the marine oxyphotobacterium Prochlorococcus. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1568: 237-244 (2001).

Gong HJ, Zhu XY, Chen KM, Wang SM, Zhang CL. Silicon alleviates oxidative damage of wheat plants in pots under drought. Plant Sci. 169: 313-321 (2005).

Gong M, Chen SN, Song YQ, Li ZG. Effect of calcium and calmodulin on intrinsic heat tolerance in relation to antioxidant systems in maize seedlings. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 24: 371-379 (1997).

Gonzalez A, Steffen KL, Lynch JP. Light and excess manganese. Implications for oxidative stress in common bean. Plant Physiol. 118: 493-504 (1998).

Gonzalez R, Andrews BA, Molitor J, Asenjo JA. Metabolic analysis of the synthesis of high levels of intracellular human SOD in Saccharomyces cerevisiae rhSOD 2060 411 SGA122. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 82: 152-169 (2003).

Grace SC, Logan BA. Acclimation of foliar antioxidant systems to growth irradiance in three broad-leaved evergreen species. Plant Physiol. 112: 1631-1640 (1996).

Grace SC, Logan BA. Energy dissipation and radical scavenging by the plant phenylpropanoid pathway. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 355: 1499-1510 (2000).

Greenshields DL, Liu G, Selvaraj G, Wei Y. Differential regulation of wheat quinone reductases in response to powdery mildew infection. Planta 222: 867-875 (2005).

Groten K, Vanacker H, Dutilleul C, Bastian F, Bernard S, Carzaniga R, Foyer CH. The roles of redox processes in pea nodule development and senescence. Plant Cell Environ. 28: 1293-1304 (2005).

Guan L, Scandalios JG. Two structurally similar maize cytosolic superoxide dismutase genes, Sod4 and Sod4A, respond differentially to abscisic acid and high osmoticum. Plant Physiol. 117: 217-224 (1998).

Gucciardo S, Wisniewski JP, Brewin NJ, Bornemann S. A germin-like protein with superoxide dismutase activity in pea nodules with high protein sequence identity to a putative rhicadhesin receptor. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 1161-1171 (2007).

Gueta-Dahan Y, Yaniv Z, Zilinskas BA, Ben-Hayyim G. Salt and oxidative stress: similar and specific responses and their relation to salt tolerance in citrus. Planta 203: 460-469 (1997).

Guo FQ, Crawford NM. Arabidopsis nitric oxide synthase1 is targeted to mitochondria and protects against oxidative damage and dark-induced senescence. Plant Cell 17: 3436-3450 (2005).

Gupta AS, Webb RP, Holaday AS, Allen RD. Overexpression of superoxide dismutase protects plants from oxidative stress. Induction of ascorbate peroxidase in superoxide dismutase-overexpressing plants. Plant Physiol. 103: 1067-1073 (1993).

Hacisalihoglu G, Hart JJ, Vallejos CE, Kochian LV. The role of shoot-localized processes in the mechanism of Zn efficiency in common bean. Planta 218: 704-711 (2004).

Hacisalihoglu G, Hart JJ, Wang YH, Cakmak I, Kochian LV. Zinc efficiency is correlated with enhanced expression and activity of zinc-requiring enzymes in wheat. Plant Physiol. 131: 595-602 (2003).

Haghjou MM, Shariati M, Smirnoff N. The effect of acute high light and low temperature stresses on the ascorbate-glutathione cycle and superoxide dismutase activity in two Dunaliella salina strains. Physiol. Plant. 135: 272-280 (2009).

Hakala M, Rantamaki S, Puputti EM, Tyystjarvi T, Tyystjarvi E. Photoinhibition of manganese enzymes: insights into the mechanism of photosystem II photoinhibition. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1809-1816 (2006).

Halliwell B. Oxidative stress in cell culture: an under-appreciated problem?. FEBS Lett. 540: 3-6 (2003).

Hamelet J, Seltzer V, Petit E, Noll C, Andreau K, Delabar JM, Janel N. Cystathionine beta synthase deficiency induces catalase-mediated hydrogen peroxide detoxification in mice liver. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1782: 482-488 (2008).

Hamilton EW 3rd, Heckathorn SA. Mitochondrial adaptations to NaCl. Complex I is protected by anti-oxidants and small heat shock proteins, whereas complex II is protected by proline and betaine. Plant Physiol. 126: 1266-1274 (2001).

Hamilton EW 3rd, Heckathorn SA. Mitochondrial adaptations to NaCl. Complex I is protected by anti-oxidants and small heat shock proteins, whereas Complex II is protected by proline and betaine. Plant Physiol. 126: 1266-1274 (2001).

Hara M, Fujinaga M, Kuboi T. Radical scavenging activity and oxidative modification of citrus dehydrin. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 42: 657-662 (2004).

He L, Ban Y, Inoue H, Matsuda N, Liu J, Moriguchi T. Enhancement of spermidine content and antioxidant capacity in transgenic pear shoots overexpressing apple spermidine synthase in response to salinity and hyperosmosis. Phytochemistry 69: 2133-2141 (2008).

He P, Osaki M, Takebe M, Shinano T, Wasaki J. Endogenous hormones and expression of senescence-related genes in different senescent types of maize. J. Exp. Bot. 56: 1117-1128 (2005).

Hendrickson L, Forster B, Furbank RT, Chow WS. Processes contributing to photoprotection of grapevine leaves illuminated at low temperature. Physiol. Plant. 121: 272-281 (2004).

Herald VL, Heazlewood JL, Day DA, Millar AH. Proteomic identification of divalent metal cation binding proteins in plant mitochondria. FEBS Lett. 537: 96-100 (2003).

Herbik A, Giritch A, Horstmann C, Becker R, Balzer HJ, Baumlein H, Stephan UW. Iron and copper nutrition-dependent changes in protein expression in a tomato wild type and the nicotianamine-free mutant chloronerva. Plant Physiol. 111: 533-540 (1996).

Hernandez JA, Díaz-Vivancos P, Rubio M, Olmos E, Ros-Barcelo A, Martinez-Gomez P. Long-term plum pox virus infection produces an oxidative stress in a susceptible apricot, Prunus armeniaca, cultivar but not in a resistant cultivar. Physiol. Plant. 126: 140-152 (2006).

Hernandez JA, Ferrer MA, Jimenez A, Barcelo AR, Sevilla F. Antioxidant systems and O2.-/H2O2 production in the apoplast of pea leaves. Its relation with salt-induced necrotic lesions in minor veins. Plant Physiol. 127: 817-831 (2001).

Hernandez JA, Jimenez A, Mullineaux P, Sevilia F. Tolerance of pea (Pisum sativum L.) to long-term salt stress is associated with induction of antioxidant defences. Plant Cell Environ. 23: 853-862 (2000).

Hernandez JA, Rubio M, Olmos E, Ros-Barcelo A, Martinez-Gomez P. Oxidative stress induced by long-term plum pox virus infection in peach (Prunus persica). Physiol. Plant. 122: 486-495 (2004).

Herouart D, Van Montagu M, Inze D. Developmental and environmental regulation of the Nicotiana plumbaginifolia cytosolic Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase promoter in transgenic tobacco. Plant Physiol. 104: 873-880 (1994).

Herschbach C, Kopriva S. Transgenic trees as tools in tree and plant physiology. Trees-Struct. Funct. 16: 250-261 (2002).

Hideg E, Nagy T, Oberschall A, Dudits D, Vass I. Detoxification function of aldose/aldehyde reductase during drought and ultraviolet-B (280-320 nm) stresses. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 513-522 (2003).

Himelblau E, Mira H, Lin SJ, Culotta VC, Penarrubia L, Amasino RM. Identification of a functional homolog of the yeast copper homeostasis gene ATX1 from Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 117: 1227-1234 (1998).

Hirsch S, Ronco AM, Guerrero-Bosagna C, de la Maza MP, Leiva L, Barrera G, Llanos M, Alliende MA, Silva F, Bunout D. Methylation status in healthy subjects with normal and high serum folate concentration. Nutrition 24: 1103-1109 (2008).

Hoque MA, Okuma E, Banu MN, Nakamura Y, Shimoishi Y, Murata Y. Exogenous proline mitigates the detrimental effects of salt stress more than exogenous betaine by increasing antioxidant enzyme activities. J. Plant Physiol. 164: 553-561 (2007).

Horsburgh MJ, Wharton SJ, Karavolos M, Foster SJ. Manganese: elemental defence for a life with oxygen. Trends Microbiol. 10: 496-501 (2002).

Hosoya T, Yun YS, Kunugi A. Antioxidant phenylpropanoid glycosides from the leaves of Wasabia japonica. Phytochemistry 69: 827-832 (2008).

Hsu YT, Kao CH. Cadmium toxicity is reduced by nitric oxide in rice leaves. Plant Growth Regul. 42: 227-238 (2004).

Hu X, Jiang M, Zhang A, Lu J. Abscisic acid-induced apoplastic H2O2 accumulation up-regulates the activities of chloroplastic and cytosolic antioxidant enzymes in maize leaves. Planta 223: 57-68 (2005).

Huckelhoven R, Dechert C, Trujillo M, Kogel KH. Differential expression of putative cell death regulator genes in near-isogenic, resistant and susceptible barley lines during interaction with the powdery mildew fungus. Plant Mol. Biol. 47: 739-748 (2001).

Huckelhoven R, Kogel KH. Reactive oxygen intermediates in plant-microbe interactions: Who is who in powdery mildew resistance? Planta 216: 891-902 (2003).

Hunter T, Bannister JV, Hunter GJ. Thermostability of manganese- and iron-superoxide dismutases from Escherichia coli is determined by the characteristic position of a glutamine residue. Eur. J. Biochem. 269: 5137-5148 (2002).

Hurst AC, Grams TEE, Ratajczak R. Effects of salinity, high irradiance, ozone, and ethylene on mode of photosynthesis, oxidative stress and oxidative damage in the C-3/CAM intermediate plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.. Plant Cell Environ. 27: 187-197 (2004).

Hyvonen M. CHRD, a novel domain in the BMP inhibitor chordin, is also found in microbial proteins. Trends Biochem. Sci. 28: 470-473 (2003).

Im YJ, Ji M, Lee AM, Boss WF, Grunden AM. Production of a thermostable archaeal superoxide reductase in plant cells. FEBS Lett. 579: 5521-5526 (2005).

Imsande J. Iron-sulfur clusters: Formation, perturbation, and physiological functions. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 37: 87-97 (1999).

Irazusta V, Cabiscol E, Reverter-Branchat G, Ros J, Tamarit J. Manganese is the link between frataxin and iron-sulfur deficiency in the yeast model of Friedreich ataxia. J. Biol. Chem. 281: 12227-12232 (2006).

Islam MM, Hoque MA, Okuma E, Banu MN, Shimoishi Y, Nakamura Y, Murata Y. Exogenous proline and glycinebetaine increase antioxidant enzyme activities and confer tolerance to cadmium stress in cultured tobacco cells. J. Plant Physiol. 166: 1587-1597 (2009).

Ivanov BN. Oxygen reduction in chloroplasts and the ascorbate cycle. Biochemistry (Mosc.) 63: 133-138 (1998).

Jabs T, Dietrich RA, Dangl JL. Initiation of runaway cell death in an Arabidopsis mutant by extracellular superoxide. Science 273: 1853-1856 (1996).

Jagadeeswaran G, Saini A, Sunkar R. Biotic and abiotic stress down-regulate miR398 expression in Arabidopsis. Planta 229: 1009-1014 (2009).

Jayakumar AR, Rao KVR, Schousboe A, Norenberg MD. Glutamine-induced free radical production in cultured astrocytes. Glia 46: 296-301 (2004).

Jia W, Zhang J. Water stress-induced abscisic acid accumulation in relation to reducing agents and sulfhydryl modifiers in maize plant. Plant Cell Environ. 23: 1389-1395 (2000).

Jiang M, Zhang J. Cross-talk between calcium and reactive oxygen species originated from NADPH oxidase in abscisic acid-induced antioxidant defence in leaves of maize seedlings. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 929-939 (2003).

Jiang M, Zhang J. Water stress-induced abscisic acid accumulation triggers the increased generation of reactive oxygen species and up-regulates the activities of antioxidant enzymes in maize leaves. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 2401-2410 (2002).

Jiang M, Zhang J. Involvement of plasma-membrane NADPH oxidase in abscisic acid- and water stress-induced antioxidant defense in leaves of maize seedlings. Planta 215: 1022-1030 (2002).

Jiao DM, Ji BH. Photoinhibition in indica and japonica subspecies of rice (Oryza sativa) and their reciprocal F-1 hybrids. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 28: 299-306 (2001).

Jimenez A, Creissen G, Kular B, Firmin J, Robinson S, Verhoeyen M, Mullineaux P. Changes in oxidative processes and components of the antioxidant system during tomato fruit ripening. Planta 214: 751-758 (2002).

Johnson SM, Doherty SJ, Croy RR. Biphasic superoxide generation in potato tubers. A self-amplifying response to stress. Plant Physiol. 131: 1440-1449 (2003).

Jones MA, Raymond MJ, Yang Z, Smirnoff N. NADPH oxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species formation required for root hair growth depends on ROP GTPase. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 1261-1270 (2007).

Kalbina I, Strid A. The role of NADPH oxidase and MAP kinase phosphatase in UV-B-dependent gene expression in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Environ. 29: 1783-1793 (2006).

Kalinowski A, Radlowski M, Bartkowiak S. Maize pollen enzymes after two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence or absence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Electrophoresis 23: 138-143 (2002).

Kaneyuki T, Noda Y, Traber MG, Mori A, Packer L. Superoxide anion and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of vegetable extracts measured using electron spin resonance. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 47: 979-989 (1999).

Kang HM, Saltveit ME. Effect of chilling on antioxidant enzymes and DPPH-radical scavenging activity of high- and low-vigour cucumber seedling radicles. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 1233-1238 (2002).

Karlsson M, Melzer M, Prokhorenko I, Johansson T, Wingsle G. Hydrogen peroxide and expression of hipI-superoxide dismutase are associated with the development of secondary cell walls in Zinnia elegans. J. Exp. Bot. 56: 2085-2093 (2005).

Karpinska B, Karlsson M, Schinkel H, Streller S, Suss KH, Melzer M, Wingsle G. A novel superoxide dismutase with a high isoelectric point in higher plants. Expression, regulation, and protein localization. Plant Physiol. 126: 1668-1677 (2001).

Karpinski S, Wingsle G, Karpinska B, Hallgren JE. Molecular responses to photooxidative stress in Pinus sylvestris (L.). II. Differential expression of CuZn-superoxide dismutases and glutathione reductase. Plant Physiol. 103: 1385-1391 (1993).

Kawano T. Roles of the reactive oxygen species-generating peroxidase reactions in plant defense and growth induction. Plant Cell Rep. 21: 829-837 (2003).

Kiba A, Takata O, Ohnishi K, Hikichi Y. Comparative analysis of induction pattern of programmed cell death and defense-related responses during hypersensitive cell death and development of bacterial necrotic leaf spots in eggplant. Planta 224: 981-994 (2006).

Kim DS, Lee IS, Jang CS, Kang SY, Park IS, Song HS, Seo YW. High amino acid accumulating 5-methyltryptophan-resistant rice mutants may include an increased antioxidative response system. Physiol. Plant. 123: 302-313 (2005).

Kim HJ, Pesacreta TC, Triplett BA. Cotton-fiber germin-like protein. II: Immunolocalization, purification, and functional analysis. Planta 218: 525-535 (2004).

Kim HJ, Triplett BA. Cotton fiber germin-like protein. I. Molecular cloning and gene expression. Planta 218: 516-524 (2004).

Kim K, Kim IH, Lee KY, Rhee SG, Stadtman ER. The isolation and purification of a specific "protector" protein which inhibits enzyme inactivation by a thiol/Fe(III)/O2 mixed-function oxidation system. J. Biol. Chem. 263: 4704-4711 (1988).

Kim RH, Lee SM, Park JW. Enhancement by copper, zinc superoxide dismutase of DNA damage and mutagenicity with hydrogen peroxide. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 45: 635-642 (1998).

Kim SG, Kim ST, Kang SY, Wang Y, Kim W, Kang KY. Proteomic analysis of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-related proteins in rice roots. Plant Cell Rep. 27: 363-375 (2008).

Kim YS, Kim HS, Lee YH, Kim MS, Oh HW, Hahn KW, Joung H, Jeon JH. Elevated H2O2 production via overexpression of a chloroplastic Cu/ZnSOD gene of lily (Lilium oriental hybrid 'Marco Polo') triggers ethylene synthesis in transgenic potato. Plant Cell Rep. 27: 973-983 (2008).

Kliebenstein DJ, Monde RA, Last RL. Superoxide dismutase in Arabidopsis: an eclectic enzyme family with disparate regulation and protein localization. Plant Physiol. 118: 637-650 (1998).

Knorpp T, Robinson SR, Crack PJ, Dringen R. Glutathione peroxidase-1 contributes to the protection of glutamine synthetase in astrocytes during oxidative stress. J. Neural. Transm. 113: 1145-1155 (2006).

Kochhar S, Kochhar VK. Expression of antioxidant enzymes and heat shock proteins in relation to combined stress of cadmium and heat in Vigna mungo seedlings. Plant Sci. 168: 921-929 (2005).

Kocsy G, Galiba G, Brunold C. Role of glutathione in adaptation and signalling during chilling and cold acclimation in plants. Physiol. Plant. 113: 158-164 (2001).

Kondo K, Kurihara M, Miyata N, Suzuki T, Toyoda M. Mechanistic studies of catechins as antioxidants against radical oxidation. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 362: 79-86 (1999).

Kong FX, Liu Y, Hu W, Shen PP, Zhou CL, Wang LS. Biochemical responses of the mycorrhizae in Pinus massoniana to combined effects of Al, Ca and low pH. Chemosphere 40: 311-318 (2000).

Koorbanally NA, Randrianarivelojosia M, Mulholland DA, Quarles van Ufford L, van den Berg AJ. Chalcones from the seed of Cedrelopsis grevei (Ptaeroxylaceae). Phytochemistry 62: 1225-1229 (2003).

Kovalchuk I, Filkowski J, Smith K, Kovalchuk O. Reactive oxygen species stimulate homologous recombination in plants. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 1531-1539 (2003).

Kowaltowski AJ, Costa AD, Vercesi AE. Activation of the potato plant uncoupling mitochondrial protein inhibits reactive oxygen species generation by the respiratory chain. FEBS Lett. 425: 213-216 (1998).

Koziol S, Zagulski M, Bilinski T, Bartosz G. Antioxidants protect the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae against hypertonic stress. Free Radic. Res. 39: 365-371 (2005).

Kraut DA, Carroll KS, Herschlag D. Challenges in enzyme mechanism and energetics. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 72: 517-571 (2003).

Krishnan N, Dickman MB, Becker DF. Proline modulates the intracellular redox environment and protects mammalian cells against oxidative stress. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 44: 671-681 (2008).

Krulickova K, Posvec Z, Griga M. Identification of flax and linseed cultivars by isozyme markers. Biol. Plant. 45: 327-336 (2002).

Kubo A, Saji H, Tanaka K, Kondo N. Expression of Arabidopsis cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase gene in response to ozone or sulfur dioxide. Plant Mol. Biol. 29: 479-489 (1995).

Kuhn DM, Arthur R Jr. Dopamine inactivates tryptophan hydroxylase and forms a redox-cycling quinoprotein: possible endogenous toxin to serotonin neurons. J. Neurosci. 18: 7111-7117 (1998).

Kukavica B, Jovanovic SV. Senescence-related changes in the antioxidant status of ginkgo and birch leaves during autumn yellowing. Physiol. Plant. 122: 321-327 (2004).

Kukavica B, Mojovic M, Vuccinic Z, Maksimovic V, Takahama U, Jovanovic SV. Generation of hydroxyl radical in isolated pea root cell wall, and the role of cell wall-bound peroxidase, Mn-SOD and phenolics in their production. Plant Cell Physiol. 50: 304-317 (2009).

Kumar G, Knowles NR. Changes in lipid peroxidation and lipolytic and free-radical scavenging enzyme activities during aging and sprouting of potato (Solanum tuberosum) seed-tubers. Plant Physiol. 102: 115-124 (1993).

Kumar P, Tewari RK, Sharma PN. Modulation of copper toxicity-induced oxidative damage by excess supply of iron in maize plants. Plant Cell Rep. 27: 399-409 (2008).

Kurepa J, Herouart D, Van Montagu M, Inze D. Differential expression of CuZn- and Fe-superoxide dismutase genes of tobacco during development, oxidative stress, and hormonal treatments. Plant Cell Physiol. 38: 463-470 (1997).

Kurepa J, Smalle J, Van Montagu M, Inze D. Oxidative stress tolerance and longevity in Arabidopsis: the late-flowering mutant gigantea is tolerant to paraquat. Plant J. 14: 759-764 (1998).

Kuzniak E, Sklodowska M. Fungal pathogen-induced changes in the antioxidant systems of leaf peroxisomes from infected tomato plants. Planta 222: 192-200 (2005).

Kuzniak E, Sklodowska M. The effect of Botrytis cinerea infection on the antioxidant profile of mitochondria from tomato leaves. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 605-612 (2004).

Kwon SY, Jeong YJ, Lee HS, Kim JS, Cho KY, Allen RD, Kwak SS. Enhanced tolerances of transgenic tobacco plants expressing both superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase in chloroplasts against methyl viologen-mediated oxidative stress. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 873-882 (2002).

Laloi C, Przybyla D, Apel K. A genetic approach towards elucidating the biological activity of different reactive oxygen species in Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1719-1724 (2006).

Laloraya MM, Chandra-kuntal K, Kumar GP, Laloraya M. Active oxygen species in blue light mediated signal transduction in coleoptile tips. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256: 293-298 (1999).

Lamb C, Dixon RA. The oxidative burst in plant disease resistance. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 48: 251-275 (1997).

Lanfranco L, Novero M, Bonfante P. The mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita possesses a CuZn superoxide dismutase that is up-regulated during symbiosis with legume hosts. Plant Physiol. 137: 1319-1330 (2005).

Lascano HR, Antonicelli GE, Luna CM, Melchiorre MN, Gomez LD, Racca RW, Trippi VS, Casano LM. Antioxidant system response of different wheat cultivars under drought: field and in vitro studies. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 28: 1095-1102 (2001).

Laspina NV, Groppa MD, Tomaro ML, Benavides MP. Nitric oxide protects sunflower leaves against Cd-induced oxidative stress. Plant Sci. 169: 323-330 (2005).

Le Deunff E, Davoine C, Le Dantec C, Billard JP, Huault C. Oxidative burst and expression of germin/oxo genes during wounding of ryegrass leaf blades: comparison with senescence of leaf sheaths. Plant J. 38: 421-431 (2004).

Leisinger U, Rufenacht K, Fischer B, Pesaro M, Spengler A, Zehnder AJ, Eggen RI. The glutathione peroxidase homologous gene from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is transcriptionally up-regulated by singlet oxygen. Plant Mol. Biol. 46: 395-408 (2001).

Leonard S, Gannett PM, Rojanasakul Y, Schwegler-Berry D, Castranova V, Vallyathan V, Shi X. Cobalt-mediated generation of reactive oxygen species and its possible mechanism. J. Inorg. Biochem. 70: 239-244 (1998).

Levine RL. Oxidative modification of glutamine synthetase. II. Characterization of the ascorbate model system. J. Biol. Chem. 258: 11828-11833 (1983).

Li P, Castagnoli S, Cheng L. Red 'Anjou' pear has a higher photoprotective capacity than green 'Anjou'. Physiol. Plant. 134: 486-498 (2008).

Li P, Cheng L. The shaded side of apple fruit becomes more sensitive to photoinhibition with fruit development. Physiol. Plant. 134: 282-292 (2008).

Light GG, Mahan JR, Roxas VP, Allen RD. Transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings expressing a tobacco glutathione S-transferase fail to provide improved stress tolerance. Planta 222: 346-354 (2005).

Lin KHR, Weng CC, Lo HF, Chen JT. Study of the root antioxidative system of tomatoes and eggplants under waterlogged conditions. Plant Sci. 167: 355-365 (2004).

Liszkay A, Kenk B, Schopfer P. Evidence for the involvement of cell wall peroxidase in the generation of hydroxyl radicals mediating extension growth. Planta 217: 658-667 (2003).

Liszkay A, van der Zalm E, Schopfer P. Production of reactive oxygen intermediates (O2., H2O2, and .OH) by maize roots and their role in wall loosening and elongation growth. Plant Physiol. 136: 3114-3123 (2004).

Logan BA, Demmig-Adams B, Rosenstiel TN, Adams WW 3rd. Effect of nitrogen limitation on foliar antioxidants in relationship to other metabolic characteristics. Planta 209: 213-220 (1999).

Longo VD, Liou LL, Valentine JS, Gralla EB. Mitochondrial superoxide decreases yeast survival in stationary phase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 365: 131-142 (1999).

Lu C, Bentley WE, Rao G. Comparisons of oxidative stress response genes in aerobic Escherichia coli fermentations. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 83: 864-870 (2003).

Lu S, Chen C, Wang Z, Guo Z, Li H. Physiological responses of somaclonal variants of triploid bermudagrass (Cynodon transvaalensis x Cynodon dactylon) to drought stress. Plant Cell Rep. 28: 517-526 (2009).

Machuka J, Bashiardes S, Ruben E, Spooner K, Cuming A, Knight C, Cove D. Sequence analysis of expressed sequence tags from an ABA-treated cDNA library identifies stress response genes in the moss Physcomitrella patens. Plant Cell Physiol. 40: 378-387 (1999).

MacPherson IS, Murphy ME. Type-2 copper-containing enzymes. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 64: 2887-2899 (2007).

Maeda H, Sakuragi Y, Bryant DA, Dellapenna D. Tocopherols protect Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 from lipid peroxidation. Plant Physiol. 138: 1422-1435 (2005).

Maffei ME, Mithofer A, Arimura G, Uchtenhagen H, Bossi S, Bertea CM, Cucuzza LS, Novero M, Volpe V, Quadro S, Boland W. Effects of feeding Spodoptera littoralis on lima bean leaves. III. Membrane depolarization and involvement of hydrogen peroxide. Plant Physiol. 140: 1022-1035 (2006).

Maksimenko AV, Golubykh VL, Tischenko EG. Catalase and chondroitin sulfate derivatives against thrombotic effect induced by reactive oxygen species in a rat artery. Metab. Eng. 5: 177-182 (2003).

Manivannan P, Jaleel CA, Somasundaram R, Panneerselvam R. Osmoregulation and antioxidant metabolism in drought-stressed Helianthus annuus under triadimefon drenching. C. R. Biol. 331: 418-425 (2008).

Martinez C, Baccou JC, Bresson E, Baissac Y, Daniel JF, Jalloul A, Montillet JL, Geiger JP, Assigbetse K, Nicole M. Salicylic acid mediated by the oxidative burst is a key molecule in local and systemic responses of cotton challenged by an avirulent race of Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum. Plant Physiol. 122: 757-766 (2000).

Mathieu M, Lelu-Walter MA, Blervacq AS, David H, Hawkins S, Neutelings G. Germin-like genes are expressed during somatic embryogenesis and early development of conifers. Plant Mol. Biol. 61: 615-627 (2006).

Mauro S, Van Eycken F, Challou N, Lucas P, L'Oiseau M. Characterization of new maize chloroplastic copper/zinc superoxide dismutase isoforms by high resolution native two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Identification of chilling responsive chloroplastic superoxide dismutase isoforms. Physiol. Plant. 124: 323-335 (2005).

Maxwell DP, Wang Y, McIntosh L. The alternative oxidase lowers mitochondrial reactive oxygen production in plant cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96: 8271-8276 (1999).

Mazel A, Leshem Y, Tiwari BS, Levine A. Induction of salt and osmotic stress tolerance by overexpression of an intracellular vesicle trafficking protein AtRab7 (AtRabG3e). Plant Physiol. 134: 118-128 (2004).

McKersie BD, Bowley SR, Jones KS. Winter survival of transgenic alfalfa overexpressing superoxide dismutase. Plant Physiol. 119: 839-848 (1999).

McKersie BD, Chen Y, de Beus M, Bowley SR, Bowler C, Inze D, D'Halluin K, Botterman J. Superoxide dismutase enhances tolerance of freezing stress in transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Plant Physiol. 103: 1155-1163 (1993).

McKersie BD, Murnaghan J, Jones KS, Bowley SR. Iron-superoxide dismutase expression in transgenic alfalfa increases winter survival without a detectable increase in photosynthetic oxidative stress tolerance. Plant Physiol. 122: 1427-1438 (2000).

Mhadhbi H, Jebara M, Limam F, Aouani ME. Rhizobial strain involvement in plant growth, nodule protein composition and antioxidant enzyme activities of chickpea-rhizobia symbioses: modulation by salt stress. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 42: 717-722 (2004).

Mhadhbi H, Jebara M, Limam F, Huguet T, Aouani ME. Interaction between Medicago truncatula lines and Sinorhizobium meliloti strains for symbiotic efficiency and nodule antioxidant activities. Physiol. Plant. 124: 4-11 (2005).

Miller G, Honig A, Stein H, Suzuki N, Mittler R, Zilberstein A. Unraveling delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate-proline cycle in plants by uncoupled expression of proline oxidation enzymes. J. Biol. Chem. 284: 26482-26492 (2009).

Minibayeva F, Kolesnikov O, Chasov A, Beckett RP, Luthje S, Vylegzhanina N, Buck F, Bottger M. Wound-induced apoplastic peroxidase activities: their roles in the production and detoxification of reactive oxygen species. Plant Cell Environ. 32: 497-508 (2009).

Mino M, Maekawa K, Ogawa K, Yamagishi H, Inoue M. Cell death processes during expression of hybrid lethality in interspecific F(1) hybrid between Nicotiana gossei Domin and Nicotiana tabacum. Plant Physiol. 130: 1776-1787 (2002).

Mishra NP, Mishra RK, Singhal GS. Changes in the activities of anti-oxidant enzymes during exposure of intact wheat leaves to strong visible light at different temperatures in the presence of protein synthesis inhibitors. Plant Physiol. 102: 903-910 (1993).

Mittler R, Tel-Or E. Oxidative stress responses in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7942. Free Radic. Res. Commun. 13: 845-50 (1991).

Mittler R, Zilinskas BA. Regulation of pea cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase and other antioxidant enzymes during the progression of drought stress and following recovery from drought. Plant J. 5: 397-405 (1994).

Mittler R, Zilinskas BA. Molecular cloning and characterization of a gene encoding pea cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 267: 21802-21807 (1992).

Mittova V, Guy M, Tal M, Volokita M. Salinity up-regulates the antioxidative system in root mitochondria and peroxisomes of the wild salt-tolerant tomato species Lycopersicon pennellii. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 1105-1113 (2004).

Mittova V, Tal M, Volokita M, Guy M. Up-regulation of the leaf mitochondrial and peroxisomal antioxidative systems in response to salt-induced oxidative stress in the wild salt-tolerant tomato species Lycopersicon pennellii. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 845-856 (2003).

Mizuno M, Kamei M, Tsuchida H. Ascorbate peroxidase and catalase cooperate for protection against hydrogen peroxide generated in potato tubers during low-temperature storage. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 44: 717-726 (1998).

Moeder W, Del Pozo O, Navarre DA, Martin GB, Klessig DF. Aconitase plays a role in regulating resistance to oxidative stress and cell death in Arabidopsis and Nicotiana benthamiana. Plant Mol. Biol. 63: 273-287 (2007).

Mohamed EA, Iwaki T, Munir I, Tamoi M, Shigeoka S, Wadano A. Overexpression of bacterial catalase in tomato leaf chloroplasts enhances photo-oxidative stress tolerance. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 2037-2046 (2003).

Mojovic M, Vuletic M, Bacic GG, Vucinic Z. Oxygen radicals produced by plant plasma membranes: an EPR spin-trap study. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 2523-2531 (2004).

Molina-Heredia FP, Houee-Levin C, Berthomieu C, Touati D, Tremey E, Favaudon V, Adam V, Niviere V. Detoxification of superoxide without production of H2O2: antioxidant activity of superoxide reductase complexed with ferrocyanide. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 14750-14755 (2006).

Moller IM. Plant mitochondra and oxidative stress: electron transport, NADPH turnover, and metabolism of reactive oxygen species. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 52: 561-591 (2001).

Moller IM, Kristensen BK. Protein oxidation in plant mitochondria as a stress indicator. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 3: 730-735 (2004).

Moran JF, James EK, Rubio MC, Sarath G, Klucas RV, Becana M. Functional characterization and expression of a cytosolic iron-superoxide dismutase from cowpea root nodules. Plant Physiol. 133: 773-782 (2003).

Morgan MJ, Lehmann M, Schwarzlander M, Baxter CJ, Sienkiewicz-Porzucek A, Williams TC, Schauer N, Fernie AR, Fricker MD, Ratcliffe RG, Sweetlove LJ, Finkemeier I. Decrease in manganese superoxide dismutase leads to reduced root growth and affects tricarboxylic acid cycle flux and mitochondrial redox homeostasis. Plant Physiol. 147: 101-114 (2008).

Mori IC, Pinontoan R, Kawano T, Muto S. Involvement of superoxide generation in salicylic acid-induced stomatal closure in Vicia faba. Plant Cell Physiol. 42: 1383-1388 (2001).

Munoz IG, Moran JF, Becana M, Montoya G. The crystal structure of an eukaryotic iron superoxide dismutase suggests intersubunit cooperation during catalysis. Protein Sci. 14: 387-394 (2005).

Munro KD, Hodges DM, DeLong JM, Forney CF, Kristie DN. Low temperature effects on ubiquinone content, respiration rates and lipid peroxidation levels of etiolated seedlings of two differentially chilling-sensitive species. Physiol. Plant. 121: 488-497 (2004).

Murphy TM, Vu H, Nguyen T. The superoxide synthases of rose cells. Comparison of assays. Plant Physiol. 117: 1301-1305 (1998).

Murthy SS, Zilinskas BA. Molecular cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding pea monodehydroascorbate reductase. J. Biol. Chem. 269: 31129-31133 (1994).

Mylona PV, Polidoros AN, Scandalios JG. Antioxidant gene responses to ROS-generating xenobiotics in developing and germinated scutella of maize. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 1301-1312 (2007).

Myouga F, Hosoda C, Umezawa T, Iizumi H, Kuromori T, Motohashi R, Shono Y, Nagata N, Ikeuchi M, Shinozaki K. A heterocomplex of iron superoxide dismutases defends chloroplast nucleoids against oxidative stress and is essential for chloroplast development in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 20: 3148-3162 (2008).

Navari-Izzo F, Cestone B, Cavallini A, Natali L, Giordani T, Quartacci MF. Copper excess triggers phospholipase D activity in wheat roots. Phytochemistry 67: 1232-1242 (2006).

Naya L, Ladrera R, Ramos J, Gonzalez EM, Arrese-Igor C, Minchin FR, Becana M. The response of carbon metabolism and antioxidant defenses of alfalfa nodules to drought stress and to the subsequent recovery of plants. Plant Physiol. 144: 1104-1114 (2007).

Neill S, Bright J, Desikan R, Hancock J, Harrison J, Wilson I. Nitric oxide evolution and perception. J. Exp. Bot. 59: 25-35 (2008).

Neill SO, Gould KS, Kilmartin PA, Mitchell KA, Markham KR. Antioxidant activities of red versus green leaves in Elatostema rugosum. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 539-547 (2002).

Niewiadomska E, Karpinska B, Romanowska E, Slesak I, Karpinski S. A salinity-induced C3-CAM transition increases energy conservation in the halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. Plant Cell Physiol. 45: 789-794 (2004).

Nivinskas H, Sarlauskas J, Anusevicius Z, Toogood HS, Scrutton NS, Cenas N. Reduction of aliphatic nitroesters and N-nitramines by Enterobacter cloacae PB2 pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase. FEBS J. 275: 6192-6203 (2008).

Noda Y, Kaneyuki T, Igarashi K, Mori A, Packer L. Antioxidant activity of nasunin, an anthocyanin in eggplant. Res. Commun. Mol. Pathol. Pharmacol. 102: 175-187 (1998).

Ochsenbein C, Przybyla D, Danon A, Landgraf F, Gobel C, Imboden A, Feussner I, Apel K. The role of EDS1 (enhanced disease susceptibility) during singlet oxygen-mediated stress responses of Arabidopsis. Plant J. 47: 445-456 (2006).

Oh JE, Hong SW, Lee Y, Koh EJ, Kim K, Seo YW, Chung N, Jeong M, Jang CS, Lee B, Kim KH, Lee H. Modulation of gene expressions and enzyme activities of methionine sulfoxide reductases by cold, ABA or high salt treatments in Arabidopsis. Plant Sci. 169: 1030-1036 (2005).

Ohmori S, Nawata Y, Kiyono K, Murata H, Tsuboi S, Ikeda M, Akagi R, Morohashi K, Ono B. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cultured under aerobic and anaerobic conditions: air-level oxygen stress and protection against stress. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1472: 587-594 (1999).

Olmos E, Martinez-Solano JR, Piqueras A, Hellin E. Early steps in the oxidative burst induced by cadmium in cultured tobacco cells (BY-2 line). J. Exp. Bot. 54: 291-301 (2003).

Olsen LF, Hauser MJ, Kummer U. Mechanism of protection of peroxidase activity by oscillatory dynamics. Eur. J. Biochem. 270: 2796-2804 (2003).

op den Camp RG, Przybyla D, Ochsenbein C, Laloi C, Kim C, Danon A, Wagner D, Hideg E, Gobel C, Feussner I, Nater M, Apel K. Rapid induction of distinct stress responses after the release of singlet oxygen in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 15: 2320-2332 (2003).

Oracz K, Bouteau Hel-M, Farrant JM, Cooper K, Belghazi M, Job C, Job D, Corbineau F, Bailly C. ROS production and protein oxidation as a novel mechanism for seed dormancy alleviation. Plant J. 50: 452-465 (2007).

Oracz K, El-Maarouf-Bouteau H, Kranner I, Bogatek R, Corbineau F, Bailly C. The mechanisms involved in seed dormancy alleviation by hydrogen cyanide unravel the role of reactive oxygen species as key factors of cellular signaling during germination. Plant Physiol. 150: 494-505 (2009).

Overmyer K, Brosche M, Kangasjarvi J. Reactive oxygen species and hormonal control of cell death. Trends Plant Sci. 8: 335-342 (2003).

Overmyer K, Brosche M, Pellinen R, Kuittinen T, Tuominen H, Ahlfors R, Keinanen M, Saarma M, Scheel D, Kangasjarvi J. Ozone-induced programmed cell death in the Arabidopsis radical-induced cell death1 mutant. Plant Physiol. 137: 1092-1104 (2005).

Overmyer K, Tuominen H, Kettunen R, Betz C, Langebartels C, Sandermann H Jr, Kangasjarvi J. Ozone-sensitive Arabidopsis rcd1 mutant reveals opposite roles for ethylene and jasmonate signaling pathways in regulating superoxide-dependent cell death. Plant Cell 12: 1849-1862 (2000).

Ozturk F, Ucar M, Ozturk IC, Vardi N, Batcioglu K. Carbon tetrachloride-induced nephrotoxicity and protective effect of betaine in Sprague-Dawley rats. Urology 62: 353-356 (2003).

Palatnik JF, Carrillo N, Valle EM. The role of photosynthetic electron transport in the oxidative degradation of chloroplastic glutamine synthetase. Plant Physiol. 121: 471-478 (1999).

Palatnik JF, Valle EM, Carrillo N. Oxidative stress causes ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase solubilization from the thylakoid membranes in methyl viologen-treated plants. Plant Physiol. 115: 1721-1727 (1997).

Palatnik JF, Valle EM, Federico ML, Gomez LD, Melchiorre MN, Paleo AD, Carrillo N, Acevedo A. Status of antioxidant metabolites and enzymes in a catalase-deficient mutant of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plant Sci. 162: 363-371 (2002).

Palma JM, Jimenez A, Sandalio LM, Corpas FJ, Lundqvist M, Gomez M, Sevilla F, del Río LA. Antioxidative enzymes from chloroplasts, mitochondria, and peroxisomes during leaf senescence of nodulated pea plants. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1747-1758 (2006).

Pang CH, Zhang SJ, Gong ZZ, Wang BS. NaCl treatment markedly enhances H2O2-scavenging system in leaves of halophyte Suaeda salsa. Physiol. Plant. 125: 490-499 (2005).

Pantopoulos K, Hentze MW. Rapid responses to oxidative stress mediated by iron regulatory protein. EMBO J. 14: 2917-2924 (1995).

Papadakis AK, Paschalidis KA, Roubelakis-Angelakis KA. Biosynthesis profile and endogenous titers of polyamines differ in totipotent and recalcitrant plant protoplasts. Physiol. Plant. 125: 10-20 (2005).

Papadakis AK, Roubelakis-Angelakis KA. Polyamines inhibit NADPH oxidase-mediated superoxide generation and putrescine prevents programmed cell death induced by polyamine oxidase-generated hydrogen peroxide. Planta 220: 826-837 (2005).

Papadakis AK, Roubelakis-Angelakis KA. The generation of active oxygen species differs in tobacco and grapevine mesophyll protoplasts. Plant Physiol. 121: 197-206 (1999).

Papadakis AK, Siminis CI, Roubelakis-Angelakis KA. Reduced activity of antioxidant machinery is correlated with suppression of totipotency in plant protoplasts. Plant Physiol. 126: 434-444 (2001).

Park JI, Grant CM, Davies MJ, Dawes IW. The cytoplasmic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for resistance to freeze-thaw stress. Generation of free radicals during freezing and thawing. J. Biol. Chem. 273: 22921-22928 (1998).

Parker R, Flowers TJ, Moore AL, Harpham NV. An accurate and reproducible method for proteome profiling of the effects of salt stress in the rice leaf lamina. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1109-1118 (2006).

Parvanova D, Ivanov S, Konstantinova T, Karanov E, Atanassov A, Tsvetkov T, Alexieva V, Djilianov D. Transgenic tobacco plants accumulating osmolytes show reduced oxidative damage under freezing stress. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 42: 57-63 (2004).

Pastore D, Trono D, Laus MN, Di Fonzo N, Passarella S. Alternative oxidase in durum wheat mitochondria. Activation by pyruvate, hydroxypyruvate and glyoxylate and physiological role. Plant Cell Physiol. 42: 1373-1382 (2001).

Pavelic D, Arpagaus S, Rawyler A, Brandle R. Impact of post-anoxia stress on membrane lipids of anoxia-pretreated potato cells. A re-appraisal. Plant Physiol. 124: 1285-1292 (2000).

Payton P, Webb R, Kornyeyev D, Allen R, Holaday AS. Protecting cotton photosynthesis during moderate chilling at high light intensity by increasing chloroplastic antioxidant enzyme activity. J. Exp. Bot. 52: 2345-2354 (2001).

Perez-Lopez U, Robredo A, Lacuesta M, Sgherri C, Munoz-Rueda A, Navari-Izzo F, Mena-Petite A. The oxidative stress caused by salinity in two barley cultivars is mitigated by elevated CO2. Physiol. Plant. 135: 29-42 (2009).

Pietrini F, Iannelli MA, Massacci A. Anthocyanin accumulation in the illuminated surface of maize leaves enhances protection from photo-inhibitory risks at low temperature, without further limitation to photosynthesis. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 1251-1259 (2002).

Polle A. Dissecting the superoxide dismutase-ascorbate-glutathione-pathway in chloroplasts by metabolic modeling. Computer simulations as a step towards flux analysis. Plant Physiol. 126: 445-462 (2001).

Pomar F, Caballero N, Pedreno MA, Barcelo AR. H2O2 generation during the auto-oxidation of coniferyl alcohol drives the oxidase activity of a highly conserved class III peroxidase involved in lignin biosynthesis. FEBS Lett. 529: 198-202 (2002).

Pomposiello PJ, Bennik MH, Demple B. Genome-wide transcriptional profiling of the Escherichia coli responses to superoxide stress and sodium salicylate. J. Bacteriol. 183: 3890-3902 (2001).

Pozo MJ, Cordier C, Dumas-Gaudot E, Gianinazzi S, Barea JM, Azcon-Aguilar C. Localized versus systemic effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on defence responses to Phytophthora infection in tomato plants. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 525-534 (2002).

Privalle CT, Beyer WF Jr, Fridovich I. Anaerobic induction of ProMn-superoxide dismutase in Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 264: 2758-2763 (1989).

Prochazkova D, Sairam RK, Srivastava GC, Singh DV. Oxidative stress and antioxidant activity as the basis of senescence in maize leaves. Plant Sci. 161: 765-771 (2001).

Qian H, Chen W, Sheng GD, Xu X, Liu W, Fu Z. Effects of glufosinate on antioxidant enzymes, subcellular structure, and gene expression in the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris. Aquat. Toxicol. 88: 301-307 (2008).

Rai RK, Singh P, Shrivastava AK, Suman A. Modulation of low-temperature-induced biochemical changes in bud and root band zones of sugar cane sets by potassium, zinc, and ethrel for improving sprouting. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 56: 11976-11982 (2008).

Rainwater DT, Gossett DR, Millhollon EP, Hanna HY, Banks SW, Lucas MC. The relationship between yield and the antioxidant defense system in tomatoes grown under heat stress. Free Radic. Res. 25: 421-435 (1996).

Rao MV, Paliyath G, Ormrod DP. Ultraviolet-B- and ozone-induced biochemical changes in antioxidant enzymes of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiol. 110: 125-136 (1996).

Rao MV, Paliyath G, Ormrod DP, Murr DP, Watkins CB. Influence of salicylic acid on H2O2 production, oxidative stress, and H2O2-metabolizing enzymes. Salicylic acid-mediated oxidative damage requires H2O2. Plant Physiol. 115: 137-149 (1997).

Rawyler A, Arpagaus S, Braendle R. Impact of oxygen stress and energy availability on membrane stability of plant cells. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 90: 499-507 (2002).

Reilly K, Gomez-Vasquez R, Buschmann H, Tohme J, Beeching JR. Oxidative stress responses during cassava post-harvest physiological deterioration. Plant Mol. Biol. 53: 669-685 (2003).

Reinhold T, Alawady A, Grimm B, Beran KC, Jahns P, Conrath U, Bauer J, Reiser J, Melzer M, Jeblick W, Neuhaus HE. Limitation of nocturnal import of ATP into Arabidopsis chloroplasts leads to photooxidative damage. Plant J. 50: 293-304 (2007).

Renew S, Heyno E, Schopfer P, Liszkay A. Sensitive detection and localization of hydroxyl radical production in cucumber roots and Arabidopsis seedlings by spin trapping electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Plant J. 44: 342-347 (2005).

Rhodes D, Nadolska-Orczyk A. Plant stress physiology. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE SCIENCES Nature Publishing Group www.els.net (2001).

Ribeiro AS, Souza MO, Scofano HM, Creczynski-Pasa TB, Mignaco JA. Inhibition of spinach chloroplast F0F1 by an Fe2+/ascorbate/H2O2 system. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 45: 750-756 (2007).

Richards KD, Schott EJ, Sharma YK, Davis KR, Gardner RC. Aluminum induces oxidative stress genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiol. 116: 409-418 (1998).

Rivero RM, Sanchez E, Ruiz JM, Romero L. Iron metabolism in tomato and watermelon plants: Influence of nitrogen source. J. Plant Nutr. 26: 2413-2424 (2003).

Rodríguez-Serrano M, Romero-Puertas MC, Pastori GM, Corpas FJ, Sandalio LM, Del Río LA, Palma JM. Peroxisomal membrane manganese superoxide dismutase: characterization of the isozyme from watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Schrad.) cotyledons. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 2417-2427 (2007).

Rodriguez-Serrano M, Romero-Puertas MC, Pazmino DM, Testillano PS, Risueno MC, Del Río LA, Sandalio LM. Cellular response of pea plants to cadmium toxicity: cross talk between reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide, and calcium. Plant Physiol. 150: 229-243 (2009).

Rodriguez-Serrano M, Romero-Puertas MC, Zabalza A, Corpas FJ, Gomez M, Del Rio LA, Sandalio LM. Cadmium effect on oxidative metabolism of pea (Pisum sativum L.) roots. Imaging of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide accumulation in vivo. Plant Cell Environ. 29: 1532-1544 (2006).

Romero-Puertas MC, McCarthy I, Gomez M, Sandalio LM, Corpas FJ, Del Rio LA, Palma JM. Reactive oxygen species-mediated enzymatic systems involved in the oxidative action of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Plant Cell Environ. 27: 1135-1148 (2004).

Romero-Puertas MC, Palma JM, Gomez M, Del Rio LA, Sandalio LM. Cadmium causes the oxidative modification of proteins in pea plants. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 677-686 (2002).

Ros Barcelo A. The generation of H2O2 in the xylem of Zinnia elegans is mediated by an NADPH-oxidase-like enzyme. Planta 207: 207-216 (1998).

Rosca MG, Monnier VM, Szweda LI, Weiss MF. Alterations in renal mitochondrial respiration in response to the reactive oxoaldehyde methylglyoxal. Am. J. Physiol. 283: F52-F59 (2002).

Ruiz-Lozano JM. Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and alleviation of osmotic stress. New perspectives for molecular studies. Mycorrhiza 13: 309-317 (2003).

Rumer S, Gupta KJ, Kaiser WM. Plant cells oxidize hydroxylamines to NO. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 2065-2072 (2009).

Ruzsa SM, Mylona P, Scandalios JG. Differential response of antioxidant genes in maize leaves exposed to ozone. Redox Rep. 4: 95-103 (1999).

Sagi M, Fluhr R. Superoxide production by plant homologues of the gp91(phox) NADPH oxidase. Modulation of activity by calcium and by tobacco mosaic virus infection. Plant Physiol. 126: 1281-1290 (2001).

Saha SK, Uma L, Subramanian G. Nitrogen stress induced changes in the marine cyanobacterium Oscillatoria willei BDU 130511. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 45: 263-272 (2003).

Sairam RK, Chandrasekhar V, Srivastava GC. Comparison of hexaploid and tetraploid wheat cultivars in their responses to water stress. Biol. Plant. 44: 89-94 (2001).

Sairam RK, Rao KV, Srivastava GC. Differential response of wheat genotypes to long term salinity stress in relation to oxidative stress, antioxidant activity and osmolyte concentration. Plant Sci. 163: 1037-1046 (2002).

Sairam RK, Singh DV, Srivastava GC. Changes in activities of antioxidant enzymes in sunflower leaves of different ages. Biol. Plant. 47: 61-66 (2003).

Sairam RK, Srivastava GC. Changes in antioxidant activity in sub-cellular fractions of tolerant and susceptible wheat genotypes in response to long term salt stress. Plant Sci. 162: 897-904 (2002).

Sairam RK, Srivastava GC. Induction of oxidative stress and antioxidant activity by hydrogen peroxide treatment in tolerant and susceptible wheat genotypes. Biol. Plant. 43: 381-386 (2000).

Sairam RK, Srivastava GC. Water stress tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): Variations in hydrogen peroxide accumulation and antioxidant activity in tolerant and susceptible genotypes. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 186: 63-70 (2001).

Sakamoto A, Tsukamoto S, Yamamoto H, Ueda-Hashimoto M, Takahashi M, Suzuki H, Morikawa H. Functional complementation in yeast reveals a protective role of chloroplast 2-Cys peroxiredoxin against reactive nitrogen species. Plant J. 33: 841-851 (2003).

Samis K, Bowley S, McKersie B. Pyramiding Mn-superoxide dismutase transgenes to improve persistence and biomass production in alfalfa. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 1343-1350 (2002).

Sanchez-Diaz M, Tapia C, Antolin MC. Drought-induced oxidative stress in Canarian laurel forest tree species growing under controlled conditions. Tree Physiol. 27: 1415-1422 (2007).

Sang J, Jiang M, Lin F, Xu S, Zhang A, Tan M. Nitric oxide reduces hydrogen peroxide accumulation involved in water stress-induced subcellular anti-oxidant defense in maize plants. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 50: 231-243 (2008).

Sang Y, Cui D, Wang X. Phospholipase D and phosphatidic acid-mediated generation of superoxide in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 126: 1449-1458 (2001).

Sankar B, Jaleel CA, Manivannan P, Kishorekumar A, Somasundaram R, Panneerselvam R. Effect of paclobutrazol on water stress amelioration through antioxidants and free radical scavenging enzymes in Arachis hypogaea L. Colloids Surf. B. Biointerfaces 60: 229-235 (2007).

Sapitnitskaya M, Maul P, McCollum GT, Guy CL, Weiss B, Samach A, Porat R. Postharvest heat and conditioning treatments activate different molecular responses and reduce chilling injuries in grapefruit. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 2943-2953 (2006).

Sauser KR, Liu JK, Wong TY. Identification of a copper-sensitive ascorbate peroxidase in the unicellular green alga Selenastrum capricornutum. Biometals 10: 163-168 (1997).

Savoure A, Thorin D, Davey M, Hua X-J, Mauro S, Van Montagu M, Inze D, Verbruggen N. NaCl and CuSO4 treatments trigger distinct oxidative defence mechanisms in Nicotiana plumbaginifolia L. Plant Cell Environ. 22: 387-396 (1999).

Scandalios JG. Oxygen stress and superoxide dismutases. Plant Physiol. 101: 7-12 (1993).

Scarpeci TE, Zanor MI, Carrillo N, Mueller-Roeber B, Valle EM. Generation of superoxide anion in chloroplasts of Arabidopsis thaliana during active photosynthesis: a focus on rapidly induced genes. Plant Mol. Biol. 66: 361-378 (2008).

Schaper M, Gergely S, Lykkesfeldt J, Zbaren J, Leib SL, Tauber MG, Christen S. Cerebral vasculature is the major target of oxidative protein alterations in bacterial meningitis. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 61: 605-613 (2002).

Scheibel T, Bell S, Walke S. S. cerevisiae and sulfur: a unique way to deal with the environment. FASEB J. 11: 917-921 (1997).

Schinkel H, Hertzberg M, Wingsle G. A small family of novel CuZn-superoxide dismutases with high isoelectric points in hybrid aspen. Planta 213: 272-279 (2001).

Schopfer P, Liszkay A, Bechtold M, Frahry G, Wagner A. Evidence that hydroxyl radicals mediate auxin-induced extension growth. Planta 214: 821-828 (2002).

Schutzendubel A, Schwanz P, Teichmann T, Gross K, Langenfeld-Heyser R, Godbold DL, Polle A. Cadmium-induced changes in antioxidative systems, hydrogen peroxide content, and differentiation in Scots pine roots. Plant Physiol. 127: 887-898 (2001).

Schwartz AL, Yikilmaz E, Vance CK, Vathyam S, Koder RL, Miller AF. Mutational and spectroscopic studies of the significance of the active site glutamine to metal ion specificity in superoxide dismutase. J. Inorg. Biochem. 80: 247-256 (2000).

Segarra CI, Casalongue CA, Pinedo ML, Ronchi VP, Conde RD. A germin-like protein of wheat leaf apoplast inhibits serine proteases. J. Exp. Bot. 54: 1335-1341 (2003).

Seko Y, Imura N. Active oxygen generation as a possible mechanism of selenium toxicity. Biomed. Environ. Sci. 10: 333-339 (1997).

Selote DS, Khanna-Chopra R. Drought-induced spikelet sterility is associated with an inefficient antioxidant defence in rice panicles. Physiol. Plant. 121: 462-471 (2004).

Senthil-Kumar M, Udayakumar M. High-throughput virus-induced gene-silencing approach to assess the functional relevance of a moisture stress-induced cDNA homologous to lea4. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 2291-2302 (2006).

Serrato AJ, Cejudo FJ. Type-h thioredoxins accumulate in the nucleus of developing wheat seed tissues suffering oxidative stress. Planta 217: 392-399 (2003).

Shapiro AD. Nitric oxide signaling in plants. Vitam. Horm. 72: 339-398 (2005).

Sharma N, Park SW, Vepachedu R, Barbieri L, Ciani M, Stirpe F, Savary BJ, Vivanco JM. Isolation and characterization of an RIP (ribosome-inactivating protein)-like protein from tobacco with dual enzymatic activity. Plant Physiol. 134: 171-181 (2004).

Sharma P, Dubey RS. Involvement of oxidative stress and role of antioxidative defense system in growing rice seedlings exposed to toxic concentrations of aluminum. Plant Cell Rep. 26: 2027-2038 (2007).

Shen W, Nada K, Tachibana S. Involvement of polyamines in the chilling tolerance of cucumber cultivars. Plant Physiol. 124: 431-440 (2000).

Shikanai T, Muller-Moule P, Munekage Y, Niyogi KK, Pilon M. PAA1, a P-type ATPase of Arabidopsis, functions in copper transport in chloroplasts. Plant Cell 15: 1333-1346 (2003).

Shiu CT, Lee TM. Ultraviolet-B-induced oxidative stress and responses of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in a marine macroalga Ulva fasciata. J. Exp. Bot. 56: 2851-2865 (2005).

Shvaleva AL, Costa E Silva F, Breia E, Jouve J, Hausman JF, Almeida MH, Maroco JP, Rodrigues ML, Pereira JS, Chaves MM. Metabolic responses to water deficit in two Eucalyptus globulus clones with contrasting drought sensitivity. Tree Physiol. 26: 239-248 (2005).

Sinclair AM, Trobacher CP, Mathur N, Greenwood JS, Mathur J. Peroxule extension over ER-defined paths constitutes a rapid subcellular response to hydroxyl stress. Plant J. 59: 231-242 (2009).

Singh HP, Batish DR, Kaur S, Arora K, Kohli RK. {alpha}-Pinene inhibits growth and induces oxidative stress in roots. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 98: 1261-1269 (2006).

Smith AM, Ratcliffe RG, Sweetlove LJ. Activation and function of mitochondrial uncoupling protein in plants. J. Biol. Chem. 279: 51944-51952 (2004).

Sok DE. Ascorbate-induced oxidative inactivation of Zn2+-glycerophosphocholine cholinephosphodiesterase. J. Neurochem. 70: 1167-1174 (1998).

Song CJ, Steinebrunner I, Wang X, Stout SC, Roux SJ. Extracellular ATP induces the accumulation of superoxide via NADPH oxidases in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiol. 140: 1222-1232 (2006).

Song XS, Wang YJ, Mao WH, Shi K, Zhou YH, Nogues S, Yu JQ. Effects of cucumber mosaic virus infection on electron transport and antioxidant system in chloroplasts and mitochondria of cucumber and tomato leaves. Physiol. Plant. 135: 246-257 (2009).

Soriano E, Borth N, Katinger H, Mattanovich D. Flow cytometric analysis of metabolic stress effects due to recombinant plasmids and proteins in Escherichia coli production strains. Metab. Eng. 1: 270-274 (1999).

Spallholz JE, Shriver BJ, Reid TW. Dimethyldiselenide and methylseleninic acid generate superoxide in an in vitro chemiluminescence assay in the presence of glutathione: implications for the anticarcinogenic activity of L-selenomethionine and L-Se-methylselenocysteine. Nutr. Cancer 40: 34-41 (2001).

Srivastava M, Ma LQ, Singh N, Singh S. Antioxidant responses of hyper-accumulator and sensitive fern species to arsenic. J. Exp. Bot. 56: 1335-1342 (2005).

Srivastava V, Srivastava MK, Chibani K, Nilsson R, Rouhier N, Melzer M, Wingsle G. Alternative splicing studies of the reactive oxygen species gene network in Populus reveal two isoforms of high-isoelectric-point superoxide dismutase. Plant Physiol. 149: 1848-1859 (2009).

Stepien P, Klobus G. Antioxidant defense in the leaves of C3 and C4 plants under salinity stress. Physiol. Plant. 125: 31-40 (2005).

Strange RW, Murphy LM, Dodd FE, Abraham ZH, Eady RR, Smith BE, Hasnain SS. Structural and kinetic evidence for an ordered mechanism of copper nitrite reductase. J. Mol. Biol. 287: 1001-1009 (1999).

Strother S. The role of free radicals in leaf senescence. Gerontology 34: 151-156 (1988).

Su Z, Chai MF, Lu PL, An R, Chen J, Wang XC. AtMTM1, a novel mitochondrial protein, may be involved in activation of the manganese-containing superoxide dismutase in Arabidopsis. Planta 226: 1031-1039 (2007).

Summerer D, Chen S, Wu N, Deiters A, Chin JW, Schultz PG. A genetically encoded fluorescent amino acid. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 9785-9789 (2006).

Sunkar R, Kapoor A, Zhu JK. Posttranscriptional induction of two Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase genes in Arabidopsis is mediated by downregulation of miR398 and important for oxidative stress tolerance. Plant Cell 18: 2051-2065 (2006).

Sunohara Y, Matsumoto H. Quinclorac-induced cell death is accompanied by generation of reactive oxygen species in maize root tissue. Phytochemistry 69: 2312-2319 (2008).

Suzuki N, Mittler R. Reactive oxygen species and temperature stresses: a delicate balance between signaling and destruction. Physiol. Plant. 126: 45-51 (2006).

Takahama U. Ascorbic acid-dependent regulation of redox levels of chlorogenic acid and its isomers in the apoplast of leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. Plant Cell Physiol. 39: 681-689 (1998).

Takahama U, Hirotsu M, Oniki T. Age-dependent changes in levels of ascorbic acid and chlorogenic acid, and activities of peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the apoplast of tobacco leaves: Mechanism of the oxidation of chlorogenic acid in the apoplast. Plant Cell Physiol. 40: 716-724 (1999).

Talwar R, Rao NA, Savithri HS. A change in reaction specificity of sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase. Induction of NADH oxidation upon mutation of His230 to Tyr. Eur. J. Biochem. 267: 929-934 (2000).

Tang W, Charles TM, Newton RJ. Overexpression of the pepper transcription factor CaPF1 in transgenic Virginia pine (Pinus virginiana Mill.) confers multiple stress tolerance and enhances organ growth. Plant Mol. Biol. 59: 603-617 (2005).

Tang W, Newton RJ. Polyamines reduce salt-induced oxidative damage by increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreasing lipid peroxidation in Virginia pine. Plant Growth Regul. 46: 31-43 (2005).

Tang W, Newton RJ, Outhavong V. Exogenously added polyamines recover browning tissues into normal callus cultures and improve plant regeneration in pine. Physiol. Plant. 122: 386-395 (2004).

Tanner JJ. Structural biology of proline catabolism. Amino Acids 35: 719-730 (2008).

Tapiero H, Townsend DM, Tew KD. The antioxidant role of selenium and seleno-compounds. Biomed. Pharmacother. 57: 134-144 (2003).

Tattini M, Traversi ML. Responses to changes in Ca2+ supply in two Mediterranean evergreens, Phillyrea latifolia and Pistacia lentiscus, during salinity stress and subsequent relief. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 102: 609-622 (2008).

Taylor MD, Erikson KM, Dobson AW, Fitsanakis VA, Dorman DC, Aschner M. Effects of inhaled manganese on biomarkers of oxidative stress in the rat brain. Neurotoxicology 27: 788-797 (2006).

Tertivanidis K, Goudoula C, Vasilikiotis C, Hassiotou E, Perl-Treves R, Tsaftaris A. Superoxide dismutase transgenes in sugarbeets confer resistance to oxidative agents and the fungus C. beticola. Transgenic Res. 13: 225-233 (2004).

Tewari RK, Hahn EJ, Paek KY. Function of nitric oxide and superoxide anion in the adventitious root development and antioxidant defence in Panax ginseng. Plant Cell Rep. 27: 563-573 (2008).

Tewari RK, Kumar P, Kim S, Hahn EJ, Paek KY. Nitric oxide retards xanthine oxidase-mediated superoxide anion generation in Phalaenopsis flower: an implication of NO in the senescence and oxidative stress regulation. Plant Cell Rep. 28: 267-279 (2009).

Tewari RK, Kumar P, Neetu, Sharma PN. Signs of oxidative stress in the chlorotic leaves of iron starved plants. Plant Sci. 169: 1037-1045 (2005).

Tewari RK, Kumar P, Sharma PN. Antioxidant responses to enhanced generation of superoxide anion radical and hydrogen peroxide in the copper-stressed mulberry plants. Planta 223: 1145-1153 (2006).

Thomas DJ, Thomas JB, Prier SD, Nasso NE, Herbert SK. Iron superoxide dismutase protects against chilling damage in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus species PCC7942. Plant Physiol. 120: 275-282 (1999).

Tjus SE, Moller BL, Scheller HV. Photosystem I is an early target of photoinhibition in barley illuminated at chilling temperatures. Plant Physiol. 116: 755-764 (1998).

Tjus SE, Scheller HV, Andersson B, Moller BL. Active oxygen produced during selective excitation of photosystem I is damaging not only to photosystem I, but also to photosystem II. Plant Physiol. 125: 2007-2015 (2001).

Torres CA, Andrews PK, Davies NM. Physiological and biochemical responses of fruit exocarp of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) mutants to natural photo-oxidative conditions. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1933-1947 (2006).

Triantaphylides C, Krischke M, Hoeberichts FA, Ksas B, Gresser G, Havaux M, Van Breusegem F, Mueller MJ. Singlet oxygen is the major reactive oxygen species involved in photo-oxidative damage to plants. Plant Physiol. 148: 960-968 (2008).

Trindade LM, Horvath BM, Bergervoet MJ, Visser RG. Isolation of a gene encoding a copper chaperone for the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase and characterization of its promoter in potato. Plant Physiol. 133: 618-629 (2003).

Tripathi AK, Gautam M. Biochemical parameters of plants as indicators of air pollution. J. Environ. Biol. 28: 127-132 (2007).

Tripathi BN, Gaur JP. Relationship between copper- and zinc-induced oxidative stress and proline accumulation in Scenedesmus sp. Planta 219: 397-404 (2004).

Trono D, Flagella Z, Laus MN, Di Fonzo N, Pastore D. The uncoupling protein and the potassium channel are activated by hyperosmotic stress in mitochondria from durum wheat seedlings. Plant Cell Environ. 27: 437-448 (2004).

Trujillo M, Altschmied L, Schweizer P, Kogel KH, Huckelhoven R. Respiratory burst oxidase homologue A of barley contributes to penetration by the powdery mildew fungus Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 3781-3791 (2006).

Tsai YC, Hong CY, Liu LF, Kao CH. Relative importance of Na+ and Cl- in NaCl-induced antioxidant systems in roots of rice seedlings. Physiol. Plant. 122: 86-94 (2004).

Tsuda T, Shiga K, Ohshima K, Kawakishi S, Osawa T. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation and the active oxygen radical scavenging effect of anthocyanin pigments isolated from Phaseolus vulgaris L. Biochem. Pharmacol. 52: 1033-1039 (1996).

Tsugane K, Kobayashi K, Niwa Y, Ohba Y, Wada K, Kobayashi H. A recessive Arabidopsis mutant that grows photoautotrophically under salt stress shows enhanced active oxygen detoxification. Plant Cell 11: 1195-1206 (1999).

Tsuji N, Hirayanagi N, Okada M, Miyasaka H, Hirata K, Zenk MH, Miyamoto K. Enhancement of tolerance to heavy metals and oxidative stress in Dunaliella tertiolecta by Zn-induced phytochelatin synthesis. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 293: 653-659 (2002).

Tsukamoto S, Morita S, Hirano E, Yokoi H, Masumura T, Tanaka K. A novel cis-element that is responsive to oxidative stress regulates three antioxidant defense genes in rice. Plant Physiol. 137: 317-327 (2005).

Uraguchi S, Watanabe I, Yoshitomi A, Kiyono M, Kuno K. Characteristics of cadmium accumulation and tolerance in novel Cd-accumulating crops, Avena strigosa and Crotalaria juncea. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 2955-2965 (2006).

Vacca RA, de Pinto MC, Valenti D, Passarella S, Marra E, De Gara L. Production of reactive oxygen species, alteration of cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase, and impairment of mitochondrial metabolism are early events in heat shock-induced programmed cell death in tobacco bright-yellow 2 cells. Plant Physiol. 134: 1100-1112 (2004).

Vacca RA, Valenti D, Bobba A, Merafina RS, Passarella S, Marra E. Cytochrome c is released in a reactive oxygen species-dependent manner and is degraded via caspase-like proteases in tobacco Bright-Yellow 2 cells en route to heat shock-induced cell death. Plant Physiol. 141: 208-219 (2006).

Valderrama R, Corpas FJ, Carreras A, Gomez-Rodriguez MV, Chaki M, Pedrajas JR, Fernandez-Ocana A, Del Rio LA, Barroso JB. The dehydrogenase-mediated recycling of NADPH is a key antioxidant system against salt-induced oxidative stress in olive plants. Plant Cell Environ. 29: 1449-1459 (2006).

Valero E, Gonzalez-Sanchez MI, Macia H, Garcia-Carmona F. Computer simulation of the dynamic behavior of the glutathione-ascorbate redox cycle in chloroplasts. Plant Physiol. 149: 1958-1969 (2009).

Van Breusegem F, Kushnir S, Slooten L, Bauw G, Botterman J, Van Montagu M, Inze D. Processing of a chimeric protein in chloroplasts is different in transgenic maize and tobacco plants. Plant Mol. Biol. 38: 491-496 (1998).

Van Camp W, Capiau K, Van Montagu M, Inze D, Slooten L. Enhancement of oxidative stress tolerance in transgenic tobacco plants overproducing Fe-superoxide dismutase in chloroplasts. Plant Physiol. 112: 1703-1714 (1996).

Van Camp W, Herouart D, Willekens H, Takahashi H, Saito K, Van Montagu M, Inze D. Tissue-specific activity of two manganese superoxide dismutase promoters in transgenic tobacco. Plant Physiol. 112: 525-535 (1996).

Vanacker H, Carver TL, Foyer CH. Pathogen-induced changes in the antioxidant status of the apoplast in barley leaves. Plant Physiol. 117: 1103-1114 (1998).

Vang O, Mortensen J, Andersen O. Biochemical effects of dietary intake of different broccoli samples. II. Multivariate analysis of contributions of specific glucosinolates in modulating cytochrome P-450 and antioxidant defense enzyme activities. Metab.-Clin. Exp. 50: 1130-1135 (2001).

Veljovic-Jovanovic S, Kukavica B, Stevanovic B, Navari-Izzo F. Senescence- and drought-related changes in peroxidase and superoxide dismutase isoforms in leaves of Ramonda serbica. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1759-1768 (2006).

Venkatachalam P, Jayashree R, Rekha K, Sushmakumari S, Sobha S, Kumari Jayasree P, Kala RG, Thulaseedharan A. Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg). Methods Mol. Biol. 344: 153-164 (2006).

Verhoeven AS, Swanberg A, Thao M, Whiteman J. Seasonal changes in leaf antioxidant systems and xanthophyll cycle characteristics in Taxus x media growing in sun and shade environments. Physiol. Plant. 123: 428-434 (2005).

Vidal G, Ribas-Carbo M, Garmier M, Dubertret G, Rasmusson AG, Mathieu C, Foyer CH, De Paepe R. Lack of respiratory chain complex I impairs alternative oxidase engagement and modulates redox signaling during elicitor-induced cell death in tobacco. Plant Cell 19: 640-655 (2007).

Vilela BJ, Carvalho LC, Ferreira J, Amancio S. Gain of function of stomatal movements in rooting Vitis vinifera L. plants: regulation by H(2)O(2) is independent of ABA before the protruding of roots. Plant Cell Rep. 26: 2149-2157 (2007).

Vyas D, Kumar S. Purification and partial characterization of a low temperature responsive Mn-SOD from tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 329: 831-838 (2005).

Walz C, Juenger M, Schad M, Kehr J. Evidence for the presence and activity of a complete antioxidant defence system in mature sieve tubes. Plant J. 31: 189-197 (2002).

Wang FZ, Wang QB, Kwon SY, Kwak SS, Su WA. Enhanced drought tolerance of transgenic rice plants expressing a pea manganese superoxide dismutase. J. Plant Physiol. 162: 465-472 (2005).

Wang J, Caruano-Yzermans A, Rodriguez A, Scheurmann JP, Slunt HH, Cao X, Gitlin J, Hart PJ, Borchelt DR. Disease-associated mutations at copper-ligand histidine residues of SOD1 diminish the binding of copper and compromise dimer stability. J. Biol. Chem. 282: 345-352 (2007).

Wang SB, Chen F, Sommerfeld M, Hu Q. Proteomic analysis of molecular response to oxidative stress by the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis (Chlorophyceae). Planta 220: 17-29 (2004).

Weng XY, Zheng CJ, Xu HX, Sun JY. Characteristics of photosynthesis and functions of the water-water cycle in rice (Oryza sativa) leaves in response to potassium deficiency. Physiol. Plant. 131: 614-621 (2007).

Wenzel P, Hink U, Oelze M, Schuppan S, Schaeuble K, Schildknecht S, Ho KK, Weiner H, Bachschmid M, Munzel T, Daiber A. Role of reduced lipoic acid in the redox regulation of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (aldh-2) activity: implications for mitochondrial oxidative stress and nitrate tolerance. J. Biol. Chem. 282: 792-799 (2007).

White TA, Krishnan N, Becker DF, Tanner JJ.. Structure and kinetics of monofunctional proline dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus J. Biol. Chem. 282: 14316-14327 (2007).

Wingsle G, Karpinski S. Differential redox regulation by glutathione of glutathione reductase and CuZn-superoxide dismutase gene expression in Pinus sylvestris L. needles. Planta 198: 151-157 (1996).

Wohlgemuth H, Mittelstrass K, Kschieschan S, Bender J, Weigel HJ, Overmyer K, Kangasjarvi J, Sandermann H, Langebartels C. Activation of an oxidative burst is a general feature of sensitive plants exposed to the air pollutant ozone. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 717-726 (2002).

Wojtaszek P. Oxidative burst: an early plant response to pathogen infection. Biochem. J. 322: 681-692 (1997).

Wolfe-Simon F, Starovoytov V, Reinfelder JR, Schofield O, Falkowski PG. Localization and role of manganese superoxide dismutase in a marine diatom. Plant Physiol. 142: 1701-1709 (2006).

Wong HL, Sakamoto T, Kawasaki T, Umemura K, Shimamoto K. Down-regulation of metallothionein, a reactive oxygen scavenger, by the small GTPase OsRac1 in rice. Plant Physiol. 135: 1447-1456 (2004).

Wu G, Wilen RW, Robertson AJ, Gusta LV. Isolation, chromosomal localization, and differential expression of mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase and chloroplastic copper/zinc superoxide dismutase genes in wheat. Plant Physiol. 120: 513-520 (1999).

Xu C, Huang B. Root proteomic responses to heat stress in two Agrostis grass species contrasting in heat tolerance. J. Exp. Bot. 59: 4183-4194 (2008).

Xu J, Yin H, Li X. Protective effects of proline against cadmium toxicity in micropropagated hyperaccumulator, Solanum nigrum L. Plant Cell Rep. 28: 325-333 (2009).

Xue L, Li S, Sheng H, Feng H, Xu S, An L. Nitric oxide alleviates oxidative damage induced by enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in Cyanobacterium. Curr. Microbiol. 55: 294-301 (2007).

Yamaguchi K, Suzuki I, Yamamoto H, Lyukevich A, Bodrova I, Los DA, Piven I, Zinchenko V, Kanehisa M, Murata N. A two-component Mn2+-sensing system negatively regulates expression of the mntCAB operon in Synechocystis. Plant Cell 14: 2901-2913 (2002).

Yamasaki H, Hayashi M, Fukazawa M, Kobayashi Y, Shikanai T. SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein-like7 is a central regulator for copper homeostasis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 21: 347-361 (2009).

Yang Q, Wang Y, Zhang J, Shi W, Qian C, Peng X. Identification of aluminum-responsive proteins in rice roots by a proteomic approach: cysteine synthase as a key player in Al response. Proteomics 7: 737-749 (2007).

Yang X, Wen X, Gong H, Lu Q, Yang Z, Tang Y, Liang Z, Lu C. Genetic engineering of the biosynthesis of glycinebetaine enhances thermotolerance of photosystem II in tobacco plants. Planta 225: 719-733 (2007).

Yang Y, Qi M, Mei C. Endogenous salicylic acid protects rice plants from oxidative damage caused by aging as well as biotic and abiotic stress. Plant J. 40: 909-919 (2004).

Yang ZW, Yang FY. Sensitivity of Ca2+ transport of mitochondria to reactive oxygen species. Biosci. Rep. 17: 557-567 (1997).

Ye B, Gressel J. Transient, oxidant-induced antioxidant transcript and enzyme levels correlate with greater oxidant-resistance in paraquat-resistant Conyza bonariensis. Planta 211: 50-61 (2000).

Yesbergenova Z, Yang G, Oron E, Soffer D, Fluhr R, Sagi M. The plant Mo-hydroxylases aldehyde oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase have distinct reactive oxygen species signatures and are induced by drought and abscisic acid. Plant J. 42: 862-876 (2005).

Yildiz G, Demiryurek AT. Ferrous iron-induced luminol chemiluminescence: a method for hydroxyl radical study. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods 39: 179-184 (1998).

Yin CY, Peng YH, Zang RG, Zhu YP, Li CY. Adaptive responses of Populus kangdingensis to drought stress. Physiol. Plant. 123: 445-451 (2005).

Yoshida S, Tamaoki M, Ioki M, Ogawa D, Sato Y, Aono M, Kubo A, Saji S, Saji H, Satoh S, Nakajima N. Ethylene and salicylic acid control glutathione biosynthesis in ozone-exposed Arabidopsis thaliana. Physiol. Plant. 136: 284-298 (2009).

Youssefian S, Nakamura M, Orudgev E, Kondo N. Increased cysteine biosynthesis capacity of transgenic tobacco overexpressing an O-acetylserine(thiol) lyase modifies plant responses to oxidative stress. Plant Physiol. 126: 1001-1011 (2001).

Yu J, Yu X, Liu J. A thermostable manganese-containing superoxide dismutase from pathogen Chlamydia pneumoniae. FEBS Lett. 562: 22-26 (2004).

Yusuf M, Hasan SA, Ali B, Hayat S, Fariduddin Q, Ahmad A. Effect of salicylic acid on salinity-induced changes in Brassica juncea. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 50: 1096-1102 (2008).

Zhang A, Jiang M, Zhang J, Tan M, Hu X. Mitogen-activated protein kinase is involved in abscisic acid-induced antioxidant defense and acts downstream of reactive oxygen species production in leaves of maize plants. Plant Physiol. 141: 475-487 (2006).

Zhang D, Wengier D, Shuai B, Gui CP, Muschietti J, McCormick S, Tang WH. The pollen receptor kinase LePRK2 mediates growth-promoting signals and positively regulates pollen germination and tube growth. Plant Physiol. 148: 1368-1379 (2008).

Zhang Y, Tan J, Guo Z, Lu S, He S, Shu W, Zhou B. Increased abscisic acid levels in transgenic tobacco over-expressing 9 cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase influence H2O2 and NO production and antioxidant defences. Plant Cell Environ. 32: 509-519 (2009).

Zhao ZG, Chen GC, Zhang CL. Interaction between reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in drought-induced abscisic acid synthesis in root tips of wheat seedlings. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 28: 1055-1061 (2001).

Zhou B, Guo Z, Xing J, Huang B. Nitric oxide is involved in abscisic acid-induced antioxidant activities in Stylosanthes guianensis. J. Exp. Bot. 56: 3223-3228 (2005).

Zhou RL, Zhao HL. Seasonal pattern of antioxidant enzyme system in the roots of perennial forage grasses grown in alpine habitat, related to freezing tolerance. Physiol. Plant. 121: 399-408 (2004).

Zhou X, Ferraris JD, Cai Q, Agarwal A, Burg MB. Increased reactive oxygen species contribute to high NaCl-induced activation of the osmoregulatory transcription factor TonEBP/OREBP. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 289: F377-F385 (2005).

Zhou YH, Yu JQ, Huang LF, Nogues S. The relationship between CO2 assimilation, photosynthetic electron transport and water-water cycle in chill-exposed cucumber leaves under low light and subsequent recovery. Plant Cell Environ. 27: 1503-1514 (2004).

Zhu D, Scandalios JG. Expression of the maize MnSod (Sod3) gene in MnSOD-deficient yeast rescues the mutant yeast under oxidative stress. Genetics 131: 803-809 (1992).

Zhu JJ, Zhang JL, Liu HC, Cao KF. Photosynthesis, non-photochemical pathways and activities of antioxidant enzymes in a resilient evergreen oak under different climatic conditions from a valley-savanna in Southwest China. Physiol. Plant. 135: 62-72 (2009).

Zimmermann G, Baumlein H, Mock HP, Himmelbach A, Schweizer P. The multigene family encoding germin-like proteins of barley. Regulation and function in basal host resistance. Plant Physiol. 142: 181-192 (2006).

Zwicker K, Dikalov S, Matuschka S, Mainka L, Hofmann M, Khramtsov V, Zimmer G. Oxygen radical generation and enzymatic properties of mitochondria in hypoxia/reoxygenation. Arzneimittelforschung 48: 629-636 (1998).

Number of references = 529

| PubMed Search | Entrez Protein Search | ISI Web of Knowledge Search | Scirus Search |

David Rhodes
Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture
Horticulture Building
625 Agriculture Mall Drive
Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010
Last Update: 10/01/09