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Sphaeranthus indicus

Contributor: Pankaj Oudhia

Copyright (c) 2002. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Sphaeranthus indicus L.

Common (Indian) Names
Sanskrit: mahamundi, mundi, hapus,
Hindi, Bengali, Marathi & Gujerati: mundi, gorkhmundi,
Telugu: boddatarupa, boddasoramu
Tamil: kottak aranthai
Malyali: mirangani
Riya: murisa, bokashungi
Punjabi: ghundi, khamadrus
Santal: belaunja
Undari: mundi

Family: Asteraceae

Habitat: Common rabi weed found in rice fields.

Distribution: Throughout India, Sri Lanka, Africa and Australia.

Related Species: Sphaeranthus africanus L. (Sanskrit-Sveta Hapusa; Malyali-Velutha adakkamaniyan)

Sphaeranthus indicus

Botany: A much branched, strongly-scented annual with winged stem and the wings toothed. Leaves obovate-oblong, narrowed at the base, dentate and serrate. Flowers compound heads, globose avoid, Flowering time November to January in Indian conditions; glandular hairy. Achene staled.

Useful Parts: Root, bark, leaves, flowers, and seeds.

Medicinal Properties and Uses: According to Ayurveda, this herb is hot, laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in insanity, tuberculosis, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in uterus and vagina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentery, vomiting, hemicrania, etc. Methyl chavicol, a-ionone, d-cadinene, p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as major constituents and a-terpinene,citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, b-ionene, sphaerene as minor constituents of essential oil have been identified.

Ayurvedic Preparations: Mundi Churna, Mundi panchang swarasa, Mundi kvatha.

Other uses: Leaves eaten as pot-herb. The herb used as a fish poison and stuffed into hole of crabs to kill them. Aqueous extract is poisonous to American cockroaches. Plants yield an essential oil and a fatty oil. The plant is used as a soil fertility indicator.

Resource person
Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management, (SOPAM)
28-A, College Road, Geeta Nagar
Raipur- 492001 India
E-mail: pankajoudhia@usa.net
Homepage: www.celestine-india.com/pankajoudhia
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