Contributor: Pankaj Oudhia
Copyright (c) 2002. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.
Sphaeranthus indicus L.
Common (Indian) Names
Sanskrit: mahamundi, mundi, hapus,
Hindi, Bengali, Marathi & Gujerati: mundi, gorkhmundi,
Telugu: boddatarupa, boddasoramu
Tamil: kottak aranthai
Riya: murisa, bokashungi
Punjabi: ghundi, khamadrus
Habitat: Common rabi weed found in rice fields.
Distribution: Throughout India, Sri Lanka, Africa and Australia.
Related Species: Sphaeranthus africanus L. (Sanskrit-Sveta Hapusa; Malyali-Velutha adakkamaniyan)
Botany: A much branched, strongly-scented annual with winged stem and the wings toothed. Leaves obovate-oblong, narrowed at the base, dentate and serrate. Flowers compound heads, globose avoid, Flowering time November to January in Indian conditions; glandular hairy. Achene staled.
Useful Parts: Root, bark, leaves, flowers, and seeds.
Medicinal Properties and Uses: According to Ayurveda, this herb is hot, laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in insanity, tuberculosis, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in uterus and vagina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentery, vomiting, hemicrania, etc. Methyl chavicol, a-ionone, d-cadinene, p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as major constituents and a-terpinene,citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, b-ionene, sphaerene as minor constituents of essential oil have been identified.
Ayurvedic Preparations: Mundi Churna, Mundi panchang swarasa, Mundi kvatha.
Other uses: Leaves eaten as pot-herb. The herb used as a fish poison
and stuffed into hole of crabs to kill them. Aqueous extract is poisonous to
American cockroaches. Plants yield an essential oil and a fatty oil. The plant
is used as a soil fertility indicator.
Society for Parthenium Management, (SOPAM)
28-A, College Road, Geeta Nagar
Raipur- 492001 India