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Chhui-Mui or Lajwanti (Mimosa pudica Linn.)

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankaj.oudhia@usa.net
www.pankajoudhia.com

Copyright © 2004. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Scientific Name: Mimosa pudica Linn.
Family: Mimosoideae
English Name: Sensitive Plant, Bashful Mimosa, Humble Plant, Touch-me-not
Hindi Name: Chhui-Mui, Lajwanti, Lajjawati, Lajalu, Lajak

Botanical differences among the major species of Mimosa.

Characters M. pudica M. himalayana
syn. M. rubicaulis
M. hamata
Plant Small woody herbs or low-spreading undershrub with hairy and prickly branches, hairs glandular A large straggling shrub, studded with straw-coloured, hooked prickels A much branched, armed shrub, branches downy, with numerous straw-coloured, curced or straight prickles
Leaves Bipinnate, sensitive to touch, pinnae 1-2 pairs, leaflets 10-20 pairs, linear, glabrous Bipinnate, main rachis with hooked prickles, pinnae 5-11 pairs, linear-oblong 2-pinante, main rachis pubescent, some timely prickly, leaflets 6-10 pairs
Flowers Heads small, peduncled, globose, axilalry, pink-purple, Calyx campanulate, Petals crenate towards base Numerous, in globose heads, peduncles crowded at the ends of branchlets 4-merous in globose heads, peduncles axillary, crowded at the end of branches
Pods 1.5-2.5 cm long, closely prickly on the sutures 7-10 cm long, falcate, glabrous, one seeded joints, persistant but not prickly 5-7 cm long, falcate, consisting 4-8 one seeded joints, pubescent
Flowering and Fruiting time Sept.-March in Indian conditions August-Sept. and October in Indian conditions Aug.-Nov. and Dec.-Feb. in Indian conditions

Useful Parts: Roots, leaves and flower heads.

Traditional Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, root is bitter, acrid, cooling, vulnerary, alexipharmic and used in treatment of biliousness, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammations, burning sensation, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, blood diseases etc. According to the Unani system of medicine, root is resolvent, alternative, useful in diseases arising from blood impurities and bile, bilious fevers, piles, jaundice, leprosy etc.

Chemical Constituent: Contains an alkaloid Mimosine. Roots contain tannin, ash, calcium oxalate crystals and mimosin.

Other Uses
Grown as garden herb
Useful for green manuring
Fixes nitrogen
Can be used as fodder.
Suitable for growing in wastelands
Seed yield an oil like Soybean oil with similar properties

Internet Resources
Interactions with the natives of Tilda (Chhattisgarh, India) region having rich traditional medicinal knowledge about common herbs http://botanical.com/site/column_poudhia/55_tilda.html
Interactions with the natives and traditional healers of Dhamtari region, Chhattisgarh, India having rich traditional medicinal knowledge about common herbs http://botanical.com/site/column_poudhia/229_dhamtari.html
Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about common herbs used in treatment of Dast (Diarrhoea) in Chhattisgarh, India http://botanical.com/site/column_poudhia/76_dast.html

References
Agharkar, S.P. (1991). Medicinal plants of Bombay Presidency. Pbl. Scientific publishers, Jodhpur, India: 142-143.
Bhandari, M.M. (1990). Flora of the Indian Desert. Pbl. MPS Repros, Jodhpur, India: 136.
Caius, J.F. (1980). Medicinal and poisonous Legumes of India. Pbl. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India.: 174-177.
Paranjpe, P. (1999). Indian medicinal plants: Forgotten healers. Pbl. Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratisthan, Delhi, India.: 155-156.
Singh, U., Wadhwani, A.M. and Johri, B.M. (1996). Dictionary of Economic plants of India. Pbl. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India: 142.
Verma, D.M. Balakrishnan, H.P. and Dixit, R.D. (1993). Flora of Madhya Pradesh (Vol.I), Pbl. Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India.: 440-441

Resource Person
Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankaj.oudhia@usa.net
www.celestine-india.com/pankajoudhia